Joseph R. Robinson

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Prolonged contact time of a drug with a body tissue, through the use of a bioadhesive polymer, can significantly improve the performance of many drugs. These improvements range from better treatment of local pathologies to improved drug bioavailability and controlled release to enhanced patient compliance. There are abundant examples in the literature over(More)
Corneal penetration studies have been conducted in unanesthetized albino rabbits using various organic compounds representing both polar and nonpolar species. In the presence of calcium chelating agents, polar compounds generally demonstrate an increase in corneal penetration. Evidence that this corneal effect is reversible is presented. Concomitant with an(More)
Monooxygenases require NADPH and molecular oxygen during the metabolism of numerous endogenous hydrophobic substrates and carcinogenic and toxic exogenous chemicals. The complexity of these membrane-bound multicomponent drug-metabolizing enzyme systems is reviewed. What "aryl hydrocarbon (benzo[a]pyrene) hydroxylase activity" actually represents is reviewed(More)
Existing ocular drug delivery systems are fairly primitive and inefficient, but the stage is set for the rational design of newer and significantly improved systems. The focus of this review is on recent developments in topical ocular drug delivery systems relative to their success in overcoming the constraints imposed by the eye and to the improvements(More)
Contributors Jean-Marc Aiache, Nobuo Aoyagi, Dennis Bashaw, Cynthia Brown, William Brown, Diane Burgess, John Crison, Patrick DeLuca, Ruzica Djerki, Jennifer Dressman, Thomas Foster, Kirsti Gjellan, Vivian Gray, Ajaz Hussain, Tom Ingallinera, James Klancke, Johannes Kraemer, Henning Kristensen, Kofi Kumi, Christian Leuner, Jobst Limberg, Petra Loos, Lenny(More)
A series of cross-linked, swellable polymers was sythesized from monomers such as acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and others with various cross-linking agents to produce a range of polymers differing in charge densities and hydrophobicity. The densities, rate, and extent of hydration of the polymers were determined. An increase in the number of hydrophobic(More)
It has been proposed that mucoadhesives which adhere to the gastric mucus layer may be used to prolong gastric retention time of oral dosage forms. Preliminary studies, using acrylic hydrogels, have established that the density of carboxyl groups on the polymer chain is important for mucoadhesion. To understand the role(s) of the carboxyl groups in(More)
The delivery of drugs via the mucous membranes lining the oral cavity (i.e., sublingual and buccal), with consideration of both systemic delivery and local therapy, is reviewed in this paper. The structure and composition of the mucosae at different sites in the oral cavity, factors affecting mucosal permeability, penetration enhancement, selection of(More)