Joseph R. H. Mauban

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Previous models of cardiac Ca2+ sparks have assumed that Ca2+ currents through the Ca2+ release units (CRUs) were approximately 1-2 pA, producing sparks with peak fluorescence ratio (F/F(0)) of approximately 2.0 and a full-width at half maximum (FWHM) of approximately 1 microm. Here, we present actual Ca2+ sparks with peak F/F(0) of >6 and a FWHM of(More)
Subcellular compartmentalization of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) by protein kinase A-anchoring proteins (AKAPs) facilitates local protein phosphorylation. However, little is known about how PKA targeting to AKAPs is regulated in the intact cell. PKA binds to an amphipathic helical region of AKAPs via an N-terminal domain of the regulatory(More)
1. Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to visualize Ca2+ transients in the vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) of intact, pressurized rat mesenteric resistance arteries loaded with fluorescent calcium indicators. Vasoconstriction was assessed by measuring inner arterial diameter. All arteries were studied at 70 mmHg intralumenal pressure and 37 C.(More)
A kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) compose a growing list of diverse but functionally related proteins defined by their ability to bind to the regulatory subunit of protein kinase A. AKAPs perform an integral role in the spatiotemporal modulation of a multitude of cellular signaling pathways. This review highlights the extensive role of AKAPs in cardiac(More)
Confocal laser scanning microscopy and fluo 4 were used to visualize local and whole cell Ca(2+) transients within individual smooth muscle cells (SMC) of intact, pressurized rat mesenteric small arteries during activation of alpha1-adrenoceptors. A method was developed to record the Ca(2+) transients within individual SMC during the changes in arterial(More)
We describe a custom one-photon (confocal) and two-photon all-digital (photon counting) laser scanning microscope. The confocal component uses two avalanche photodiodes (APDs) as the fluorescence detector to achieve high sensitivity and to overcome the limited photon counting rate of a single APD ( approximately 5 MHz). The confocal component is(More)
Acute hypoxia induces pulmonary vasoconstriction and chronic hypoxia causes structural changes of the pulmonary vasculature including arterial medial hypertrophy. Electro- and pharmacomechanical mechanisms are involved in regulating pulmonary vasomotor tone, whereas intracellular Ca(2+) serves as an important signal in regulating contraction and(More)
Mauban, Joseph R. H., Katherine Wilkinson, Christian Schach, and Jason X.-J. Yuan. Histamine-mediated increases in cytosolic [Ca ] involve different mechanisms in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle and endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 290: C325–C336, 2006. First published September 14, 2005; doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00236.2005.—Agonist stimulation(More)
Subcellular compartmentalization of protein kinase A (PKA) by A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) facilitates local protein phosphorylation. However, little is known about how PKA targeting to AKAPs is regulated in the intact cell. PKA binds to an amphipathic helical region of AKAPs via an Nterminal domain of the regulatory subunit. In vitro studies showed(More)
Myogenic tone is an intrinsic property of the vasculature that contributes to blood pressure control and tissue perfusion. Earlier investigations assigned a key role in myogenic tone to phospholipase C (PLC) and its products, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). Here, we used the PLC inhibitor, U-73122, and two other, specific(More)