Joseph R. Bourne

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The dialysis patient is aware that his behavior evokes reciprocal and complicating responses from important people in his environment. These interactions are perceived and conducted by neurochemical mechanisms which may be impaired in the abnormal chemical environment imposed in renal failure. It is the behaviors we comprehend as indicators of disordered(More)
The disabling, dialysis-responsive symptoms of clinical uremia primarily represent impaired functions of the nervous system. Accordingly, these studies used several quantitative electrophysiologic and cognition-dependent probes of nervous system function: peripheral nerve-conduction velocity, response latency and amplitude; electroencephalographic (EEG)(More)
EEGs wre recorded from renal patients to determine if there are quantifiable characteristic changes in the EEG was quantified by calculating the percentage of spectral power in the bandwidth 3-7 c/sec referrred to a frequency range of 3-13 c/sec and by computing the mean frequency of the dominant rhythm in the EEG. Blood urea nitrogen and creatinine(More)
Transient visually evoked cortical potentials (VECPs) were recorded from patients with renal disease. Changes in VECP latencies are described for undialyzed patients, patients receiving dialysis therapy, and patients who received kidney transplants. Characteristics of VECP latencies in these patient groups as well as examples of changes in latency values(More)
Knowledge-based expert systems for medical applications have received considerable attention in recent years. In this review, fundamental terms and notions of artificial intelligence techniques as applied to expert systems are introduced. The most well-known and influential medical expert systems are discussed in detail, and newer efforts are surveyed. A(More)