Joseph R. Biggs

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An important mechanism by which the tumor suppressor p53 maintains genomic stability is to induce cell cycle arrest through activation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(WAF1/Cip1) gene. We show that the gene encoding the gut-enriched Krüppel-like factor (GKLF, KLF4) is concurrently induced with p21(WAF1/Cip1) during serum deprivation and DNA(More)
We report the cloning of a cDNA encoding GliPR (glioma pathogenesis-related protein), a protein that is structurally similar to plant pathogenesis-related proteins. The GLIPR gene is highly expressed in the human brain tumor, glioblastoma multiforme/astrocytoma, but neither in normal fetal or adult brain tissue, nor in other nervous system tumors. GliPR(More)
Nonrandom and somatically acquired chromosomal translocations can be identified in nearly 50% of human acute myeloid leukemias. One common chromosomal translocation in this disease is the 8q22;21q22 translocation. It involves the AML1 (RUNX1) gene on chromosome 21 and the ETO (MTG8, RUNX1T1) gene on chromosome 8 generating the AML1-ETO fusion proteins. In(More)
The Waf1/Cip1 protein induces cell cycle arrest through inhibition of the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. Expression of the WAF1/CIP1 gene is induced in a p53-dependent manner in response to DNA damage but can also be induced in the absence of p53 by agents such as growth factors, phorbol esters, and okadaic(More)
AML1 (RUNX1) regulates hematopoiesis, angiogenesis, muscle function, and neurogenesis. Previous studies have shown that phosphorylation of AML1, particularly at serines 276 and 303, affects its transcriptional activation. Here, we report that phosphorylation of AML1 serines 276 and 303 can be blocked in vivo by inhibitors of the cyclin-dependent kinases(More)
We show that different Drosophila actinisoforms are not interchangeable. We sequenced the sixgenes that encode conventional Drosophilaactins and found that they specify amino acidreplacements in 27 of 376 positions. To test the significance ofthese changes we used directed mutagenesis to introduce10 such conversions, independently, into the Act88Fflight(More)
A reciprocal translocation involving chromosomes 8 and 21 generates the AML1/ETO oncogenic transcription factor that initiates acute myeloid leukemia by recruiting co-repressor complexes to DNA. AML1/ETO interferes with the function of its wild-type counterpart, AML1, by directly targeting AML1 binding sites. However, transcriptional regulation determined(More)
Recent research has yielded a dramatic increase in the number of connections between oncogenesis and the proteins which regulate the cell cycle. Three classes of protein which inhibit the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) have emerged as potential targets for oncogenic inactivation. p16 and related proteins inhibit the cyclin/CDK complexes which(More)
The Id2 gene is one of several "Id-like" genes which encode helix-loop-helix proteins which dimerize with basic helix-loop-helix proteins and inhibit binding to the DNA enhancer element known as an E box. By repressing the DNA binding activity of basic helix-loop-helix proteins, Id proteins inhibit transcription of tissue-specific genes in myoblasts,(More)
The 8;21 chromosomal translocation occurs in 15% to 40% of patients with the FAB M2 subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This chromosomal abnormality fuses part of the AML1/RUNX1 gene to the ETO/MTG8 gene and generates the AML1-ETO protein. We previously identified a C-terminal truncated AML1-ETO protein (AEtr) in a mouse leukemia model. AEtr is almost(More)