Joseph P. Y. Kao

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BACKGROUND Myofibrillogenesis requires the correct folding and assembly of sarcomeric proteins into highly organized sarcomeres. Heat shock protein 90alpha1 (Hsp90alpha1) has been implicated as a myosin chaperone that plays a key role in myofibrillogenesis. Knockdown or mutation of hsp90alpha1 resulted in complete disorganization of thick and thin filaments(More)
Neuronal responses and topographic organization of feature selectivity in the cerebral cortex are shaped by ascending inputs and by intracortical connectivity. The mammalian primary auditory cortex has a tonotopic arrangement at large spatial scales (greater than 300 microns). This large-scale architecture breaks down in supragranular layers at smaller(More)
Liposomes are promising vehicles to deliver diagnostic and therapeutic agents to cells in vivo. After uptake into cells by endocytosis, liposomes are degraded in the endolysosomal system. Consequently, the encapsulated cargo molecules frequently remain sequestered in endosomal compartments; this limits their usefulness in many applications (e.g. gene(More)
The mol-ecular structure of the title compound, C7H10Br2O4, confirms the meso (2R,6S) configuration. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by pairs of O-H⋯O=C hydrogen bonds between their terminal carboxyl groups in an R 2 (2)(8) motif, forming extended chains that propagate parallel to the c axis. Adjacent chains are linked by C=O⋯Br halogen bonds.
To avoid spectral interference with common fluorophores in multicolor fluorescence microscopy, a fluid-phase tracer with excitation and emission in the violet end of the visible spectrum is desirable. CM-pyranine is easily synthesized and purified. Its excitation and emission maxima at 401.5 nm and 428.5 nm, respectively, are well suited for excitation by(More)
The title compound, C11H13NO6, exhibits an intra-molecular O-H⋯O=C hydrogen bond between the N-hydroxyl H atom and carbonyl O atom of the neighboring acetyl group. This finding contradicts a previously published model in which the hydrogen bond was postulated to occur with the neighboring carbomethoxy group. This relatively strong hydrogen bond [O-H⋯O: D =(More)
The title compound, C17H29NO4, contains a chiral center and crystallizes as a racemate. The asymmetric unit consists of two non-equivalent mol-ecules, in which the carbeth-oxy groups have markedly different orientations [C(=O)CC(OEt)=O torsion angles = 59.3 (2) and 156.0 (2)°]. In the crystal, mol-ecules form chains along [101] through N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds.
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