Joseph P. Salisbury

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Pilot Project #1--the identification and characterization of human histone H4 proteoforms by top-down MS--is the first project launched by the Consortium for Top-Down Proteomics (CTDP) to refine and validate top-down MS. Within the initial results from seven participating laboratories, all reported the probability-based identification of human histone H4(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are cytotoxic. To remove ROS, cells have developed ROS-specific defense mechanisms, including the enzyme Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1), which catalyzes the disproportionation of superoxide anions into molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. Although hydrogen peroxide is less reactive than superoxide, it is still capable of(More)
Community-acquired pneumonia remains an important infectious disease problem, with more than 4 million cases occurring in the United States annually. Although Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the most commonly identified organism, a variety of bacterial and nonbacterial pathogens may be involved. Hospitalization is unnecessary in most cases, and oral(More)
Bottom-up MS studies typically employ a reduction and alkylation step that eliminates a class of PTM, S-thiolation. Given that molecular oxygen can mediate S-thiolation from reduced thiols, which are abundant in the reducing intracellular milieu, we investigated the possibility that some S-thiolation modifications are artifacts of protein preparation.(More)
The brown ghost knifefish (Apteronotus leptorhynchus) is a weakly electric teleost fish of particular interest as a versatile model system for a variety of research areas in neuroscience and biology. The comprehensive information available on the neurophysiology and neuroanatomy of this organism has enabled significant advances in such areas as the study of(More)
Neuropeptides are a diverse category of signaling molecules in the nervous system regulating a variety of processes including food intake, social behavior, circadian rhythms, learning, and memory. Both the identification and functional characterization of specific neuropeptides are ongoing fields of research. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time(More)
Virtual high throughput screening (VHTS) was performed to assess possible interactions which might occur between commercially available triphenylphosphonium (TPP) cations and estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) that could be exploited to design novel ERalpha modulators. One application of TPP cations is for delivering bioactive molecules to targets in(More)
Stable isotope labeling techniques for quantitative top-down proteomics face unique challenges. These include unpredictable mass shifts following isotope labeling, which impedes analysis of unknown proteins and complex mixtures and exponentially greater susceptibility to incomplete isotope incorporation, manifesting as broadening of labeled intact protein(More)
Hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) coupled to mass spectrometry permits analysis of structure, dynamics, and molecular interactions of proteins. HDX mass spectrometry is confounded by deuterium exchange-associated peaks overlapping with peaks of heavy, natural abundance isotopes, such as carbon-13. Recent studies demonstrated that high-performance mass(More)
Virtual drug screening is a rapidly evolving technique which offers great promise for the systematic evaluation of large chemical libraries to identify potential drug candidates. eHiTS Lightning is a commercial drug design software which takes advantage of the Cell Broadband Engine processor present in the video game console Sony PlayStation 3 to greatly(More)