Joseph P. Mccaffrey

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A variety of plant pests are suppressed by the incorporation of cruciferous plant material into soil. Although this effect is attributed to decomposition of glucosinolates into toxic products, little is known concerning glucosinolate degradation in the soil environment. Arenas (30 × 18 × 8 cm) that contained soil amended with 30 g defatted winter rapeseed(More)
Acute toxicity of soil amended with allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) to three size classes ofLimonius californicus (Mann.) wireworms was determined in the laboratory. Wireworms were exposed to AITC at initial concentrations of 120–300 nmol/g soil for one day. During this time, extractable AITC concentrations decreased by 66 to 93 %. Probit analysis estimated(More)
The attenuating properties of several types of lead (Pb)-based and non-Pb radiation shielding materials were studied and a correlation was made of radiation attenuation, materials properties, calculated spectra and ambient dose equivalent. Utilizing the well-characterized x-ray and gamma ray beams at the National Research Council of Canada, air kerma(More)
Phyllotreta cruciferae is an important insect pest of spring-planted Brassica crops, especially during the seedling stage. To determine the effect of early season P. cruciferae infestation on seed yield, 10 genotypes from each of two canola species (Brassica napus L. and Brassica rapa L.) and two mustard species (Brassica juncea L. and Sinapis alba L.) were(More)
A nanocrystalline silicon superlattice (nc-Si SLs) is a structure consisting of Si nanocrystal layers separated by nanometer-thick SiO2. A long range order in the nc-Si SL is obtained along the direction of growth by periodically alternating layers of Si nanocrystals and SiO2. A number of characterization techniques such as transmission electron microscopy(More)
The feeding and oviposition behavior of postdiapausal Eustenopus villosus (Boheman) on young and late stage buds, respectively of yellow starthistle, Centaurea solstitialis L., was documented in the laboratory and field. Postdiapausal adult feeding on young buds took over an hour to complete in most cases and was conducted by both sexes. Feeding bouts(More)
We show that strain, arising from the mismatch between Si and SiO2 thermal expansion coefficients, directs the thermal crystallization of amorphous Si along Si /SiO2 interfaces, and produces continuous, fully crystallized nanometer thick Si layers with a lateral-to-vertical aspect ratio close to 100:1. These Si nanolayers exhibit a low density of structural(More)
A small-angle cleavage technique has been developed that produces superior transmission electron microscope (TEM) samples of semiconductors and related materials. The technique involves back-thinning the sample to approximately 100 microns, then scribing a groove on this back face at a specified small angle to a standard cleavage plane. The sample is(More)
Dosimetry protocols recommend that ionization chambers used in radiation therapy be pre-irradiated until they 'settle', i.e., until a stable reading is obtained. Previous reports have claimed that a lack of pre-irradiation could result in errors up to several per cent. Recently, data collected for a large number of commonly used ion chambers at the(More)
Three models of electronic personal dosemeters (EPDs)-Siemens Mk 2.3, Rados RAD-60S and Vertec Bleeper Sv-were irradiated with seven photon beam qualities: 60Co, 137Cs and the ISO narrow spectrum series X-ray qualities N-250, N-200, N-150, N-60 and N-20. The personal dose equivalent rates delivered to the devices varied between 0.002 and 0.25 mSv s(-1).(More)