Joseph P. Lane

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BACKGROUND Knowledge Translation (KT) has historically focused on the proper use of knowledge in healthcare delivery. A knowledge base has been created through empirical research and resides in scholarly literature. Some knowledge is amenable to direct application by stakeholders who are engaged during or after the research process, as shown by the(More)
BACKGROUND Government-sponsored science, technology, and innovation (STI) programs support the socioeconomic aspects of public policies, in addition to expanding the knowledge base. For example, beneficial healthcare services and devices are expected to result from investments in research and development (R&D) programs, which assume a causal link to(More)
BACKGROUND Government sponsors of research and development, along with their funded investigators, are increasingly tasked with demonstrating evidence of knowledge use by nontraditional audiences. This requires efforts to translate their findings for effective communication. For technology-related knowledge, these audiences include clinicians, consumers,(More)
Much has been written about the linear model of innovation. While it may have been the dominant model used to explain technological innovation for decades, alternatives did exist. One such alternative – generally discussed as being the exact opposite of the linear model – is the demand-pull model. Beginning in the 1960s, people from different horizons(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional government policies suggest that upstream investment in scientific research is necessary and sufficient to generate technological innovations. The expected downstream beneficial socio-economic impacts are presumed to occur through non-government market mechanisms. However, there is little quantitative evidence for such a direct and(More)
The practice of technology transfer continues to evolve into a discipline. Efforts continue in the field of assistive technology (AT) to move technology-related prototypes, resulting from development in the academic sector, to product commercialization within the business sector. The article describes how technology transfer can be linked to knowledge(More)
2 What if the real issue is not basic versus applied research but research versus development? The first relates to an old political issue which, according to many, has lost most of its relevance today, while the second is, we think, a substantive issue which needs to be framed anew. This paper is a short history of categories used to talk about science,(More)
OBJECTIVES Uptake of new knowledge by diverse and diffuse stakeholders of health-care technology innovations has been a persistent challenge, as has been measurement of this uptake. This article describes the development of the Level of Knowledge Use Survey instrument, a web-based measure of self-reported knowledge use. METHODS The Level of Knowledge Use(More)
This position paper explains that knowledge is generated through three related yet distinct methodologies, each codified within standard practices recognized by trained professionals. The outputs from each methodology are embodied in three different states much like the traditional states of matter: gas, liquid, solid. Effective Information Sharing (IS) and(More)