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BACKGROUND Knowledge Translation (KT) has historically focused on the proper use of knowledge in healthcare delivery. A knowledge base has been created through empirical research and resides in scholarly literature. Some knowledge is amenable to direct application by stakeholders who are engaged during or after the research process, as shown by the(More)
The Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology Evaluation and Transfer is exploring how the users of assistive technology devices define the ideal device. This work is called the Consumer Ideal Product program. The results show what device characteristics are most and least important, indicating where to place the priority on product features(More)
BACKGROUND PLTs frozen with 6 percent DMSO can be stored at -80 degrees C for 2 years, while those frozen with 5 percent DMSO at -150 degrees C can be stored for at least 3 years. The more rapid deterioration seen in PLTs frozen at -80 degrees C may be due to the presence of granulocytes. The effects of storage temperature and WBC reduction on PLTs frozen(More)
BACKGROUND Government sponsors of research and development, along with their funded investigators, are increasingly tasked with demonstrating evidence of knowledge use by nontraditional audiences. This requires efforts to translate their findings for effective communication. For technology-related knowledge, these audiences include clinicians, consumers,(More)
This paper focuses on two trends in the field of disability and rehabilitation: (a) the desire to conserve resources and yet provide consumers with the highest quality assistive technologies that they find personally appealing and useful; and (b) the involvement of the consumers of rehabilitation services in key decisions regarding the products and services(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional government policies suggest that upstream investment in scientific research is necessary and sufficient to generate technological innovations. The expected downstream beneficial socio-economic impacts are presumed to occur through non-government market mechanisms. However, there is little quantitative evidence for such a direct and(More)
BACKGROUND Government-sponsored science, technology, and innovation (STI) programs support the socioeconomic aspects of public policies, in addition to expanding the knowledge base. For example, beneficial healthcare services and devices are expected to result from investments in research and development (R&D) programs, which assume a causal link to(More)
This paper presents lessons drawn from technology transfer case studies that address the persistent question: "What works, what does not, and why?" Each lesson highlights critical factors determining success or failure and is substantiated by case studies that exemplify the lesson. The case examples involve either the commercialization of prototype(More)
This position paper explains that knowledge is generated through three related yet distinct methodologies, each codified within standard practices recognized by trained professionals. The outputs from each methodology are embodied in three different states much like the traditional states of matter: gas, liquid, solid. Effective Information Sharing (IS) and(More)