Joseph P. Huston

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Lesions with the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) have provided an important tool to study dopamine neurons in the brain. The most common version of such lesions is the unilateral one where the toxin is placed in the area of mesencephalic dopamine cell bodies or their ascending fibers. This approach leads to a lateralized destruction of mesencephalic(More)
Rats and mice are attracted by novel objects. They readily approach novel objects and explore them with their vibrissae, nose and forepaws. It is assumed that such a single explorative episode leaves a lasting and complex memory trace, which includes information about the features of the object explored, as well as where and even when the object was(More)
One of the primary approaches in experimental brain research is to investigate the effects of specific destruction of its parts. Here, several neurotoxins are available which can be used to eliminate neurons of a certain neurochemical type or family. With respect to the study of dopamine neurons in the brain, especially within the basal ganglia, the(More)
Human episodic memory refers to the recollection of an unique past experience in terms of its details, its locale, and temporal occurrence. Episodic memory, even in principle, has been difficult to demonstrate in non-verbal mammals. Previously, we provided evidence that mice are able to form an integrated memory for "what," "where," and "when" aspects of(More)
Using a human glial fibrillary acidic protein (hGFAP) promoter-driven cre transgene, we have achieved efficient inactivation of a floxed connexin43 (Cx43) gene in astrocytes of adult mice. The loss of Cx43 expression was monitored in a cell-autonomous manner via conditional replacement of the Cx43-coding region by a lacZ reporter gene. In this way, we(More)
The tuberomammillary nucleus (TM), a cluster of magnocellular cells in the posterior hypothalamus, is the main source of neuronal histamine in the brain. Although this nucleus is well described in terms of anatomy and neurochemistry, only little is known about its function. Our earlier work showed that the TM projection system may be involved in behavioral(More)
Human episodic memory refers to the recollection of an unique past experience in terms of what happened, and where and when it happened. Factoring out the issue of conscious recollection, episodic memory, even at the behavioral level, has been difficult to demonstrate in non-human mammals. Although, it was previously shown that rodents can associate what(More)
To investigate the impact of strain and sex in the l-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) animal model of Parkinson's disease, C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice were treated with either systemic MPTP-HCl (4 x 15 mg/kg) or saline and were examined in a number of behavioral tests. Furthermore, neostriatal and ventral striatal monoamine contents were(More)
The conscious recollection of unique personal experiences in terms of their details (what), their locale (where) and temporal occurrence (when) is known as episodic memory and is thought to require a 'self-concept', autonoetic awareness/conciousness, and the ability to subjectively sense time. It has long been held that episodic memory is unique to humans,(More)
Episodic memory refers to the conscious recollection of a unique past experience in terms of "what" happened and "where" and "when" it happened. Since deficits in episodic memory are found in a number of neuropsychiatric diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, for which several pharmacological, lesion and genetic animal models are available, there is a need(More)