Joseph P Dinnocenzo

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1. Experimental data previously used to support an electron/proton transfer mechanism for oxidative dealkylation of amines by P450 are critically analysed with the conclusion that the mechanistic evidence is indecisive. 2. A new mechanistic criterion recently proposed to distinguish between electron/proton transfer and hydrogen atom transfer mechanisms is(More)
Rate constants (k) for exergonic and endergonic electron-transfer reactions of equilibrating radical cations (A(•+) + B ⇌ A + B(•+)) in acetonitrile could be fit well by a simple Sandros-Boltzmann (SB) function of the reaction free energy (ΔG) having a plateau with a limiting rate constant k(lim) in the exergonic region, followed, near the thermoneutral(More)
With the judicious selection of triplet energy donor (D) and acceptor (A) pairs, a laser flash photolysis procedure has provided a sensitive method for the study of triplet energy transfer in rigid polymer films. By monitoring changes in triplet-triplet (T-T) absorptions the kinetics of triplet energy transfer were evaluated at short time scales, and(More)
A general, nanosecond equilibrium method is described for determining thermodynamically meaningful oxidation potentials in organic media for compounds that form highly reactive cation radicals upon one-electron oxidation. The method provides oxidation potentials with unusually high precision and accuracy. Redox ladders have been constructed of appropriate(More)
As we reported recently, endergonic to mildly exergonic electron transfer between neutral aromatics (benzenes and biphenyls) and their radical cations in acetonitrile follows a Sandros-Boltzmann (SB) dependency on the reaction free energy (ΔG); i.e., the rate constant is proportional to 1/[1 + exp(ΔG/RT)]. We now report deviations from this dependency when(More)
Benzyltrialkylgermane cation radicals were generated and spectroscopically characterized by nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. The germane cation radicals were found to rapidly react with nucleophiles (e.g., alcohols) in reactions that were first-order in cation radical and first-order in nucleophile. The geometries of the transition states for(More)
In a landmark publication over 40 years ago, Rehm and Weller (RW) showed that the electron transfer quenching constants for excited-state molecules in acetonitrile could be correlated with the excited-state energies and the redox potentials of the electron donors and acceptors. The correlation was interpreted in terms of electron transfer between the(More)
As recently proposed, the singlet-excited states of several cyanoaromatics react with pyridine via bonded-exciplex formation, a novel concept in photochemical charge transfer reactions. Presented here are electronic and steric effects on the quenching rate constants, which provide valuable support for the model. Additionally, excited-state quenching in(More)
The aryl/methyl fragmentation selectivities for the photooxidations of phenyltrimethylstannane and (4-methylphenyl)trimethylstannane by 1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene in acetonitrile were found to depend on the codonor used to generate the stannane cation radical intermediates. The aryl/methyl fragmentation selectivities for phenyltrimethylstannane and(More)