Joseph P Balthasar

Learn More
Efforts have been made to extend the biological half-life of monoclonal antibody drugs (mAbs) by increasing the affinity of mAb–neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) binding; however, mixed results have been reported. One possible reason for a poor correlation between the equilibrium affinity of mAb–FcRn binding and mAb systemic pharmacokinetics is that the(More)
Minimal physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (mPBPK) models provide a sensible modeling approach when fitting only plasma (or blood) data yielding physiologically-relevant PK parameters that may provide more practical value than parameters of mammillary models. We propose a second-generation mPBPK model specifically for monoclonal antibodies (mAb) by(More)
Therapeutic proteins (TPs) are increasingly combined with small molecules and/or with other TPs. However preclinical tools and in vitro test systems for assessing drug interaction potential of TPs such as monoclonal antibodies, cytokines and cytokine modulators are limited. Published data suggests that clinically relevant TP-drug interactions (TP-DI) are(More)
This investigation evaluated the utility of a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model, which incorporates model parameters representing key determinants of monoclonal antibody (mAb) target-mediated disposition, to predict, a priori, mAb disposition in plasma and in tissues, including tumors that express target antigens. Monte Carlo simulation(More)
Since the approval of rituximab in 1997, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have become an increasingly important component of therapeutic regimens in oncology. The success of mAbs as a therapeutic class is a result of great strides that have been made in molecular biology and in biotechnology over the past several decades. Currently, there are 14 approved mAb(More)
To date, there has been little investigation of the risk for drug–drug interactions involving monoclonal antibodies. The present work examined the effects of an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) antibody on the plasma, tissue, and tumor disposition of T84.66, an anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) antibody, in mice. SCID mice bearing(More)
The pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and platelet binding of 7E3, an anti-glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) monoclonal antibody, were studied in the rat in an attempt to develop a quantitative animal model of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). 7E3, a murine IgG1 antibody developed against human GPIIb/IIIa, demonstrated cross-reactivity with rat platelets by(More)
Preclinical assessment of monoclonal antibody (mAb) disposition during drug development often includes investigations in non-human primate models. In many cases, mAb exhibit non-linear disposition that relates to mAb-target binding [i.e., target-mediated disposition (TMD)]. The goal of this work was to develop a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK)(More)
This study employed a mouse model to evaluate the effects of diabetic nephropathy on the pharmacokinetics of 8C2, a murine monoclonal antibody (mAb). Streptozotocin (STZ) was administered to mice to induce diabetic nephropathy (125 mg/kg/day × 2). Mice were grouped (n = 8–10) based on time after STZ-treatment (control, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 6 weeks), and injected(More)
Accurate prediction of the clinical pharmacokinetics of new therapeutic entities facilitates decision making during drug discovery, and increases the probability of success for early clinical trials. Standard strategies employed for predicting the pharmacokinetics of small-molecule drugs (e.g., allometric scaling) are often not useful for predicting the(More)