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10-Ethyl-10-deazaaminopterin (10-EDAM) is an analogue of methotrexate with improved preclinical anticancer activity, more selective entry, and greater conversion to polyglutamate forms in neoplastic cells. In this Phase I trial, we have treated 62 adults with advanced solid tumors, giving 10-EDAM i.v. on either a weekly x 3 schedule (35 patients) or a(More)
Recombinant human progelatinase B and a COOH terminally truncated version, pro-delta426-688 gelatinase B have been prepared from a myeloma cell expression system. Both proenzymes could be processed to active forms by stromelysin-1 to give an NH2 terminus of Phe88, or by treatment with 4-aminophenylmercuric acetate resulting in an NH2-terminal Met75. The(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer generally have a progression-free survival of 9-13 months while being treated with the EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors gefitinib or erlotinib. However, resistance inevitably develops, and more effective EGFR inhibitors are needed. Dacomitinib is a covalent pan-HER inhibitor that has shown(More)
Peroxynitrite (ONOO-) has recently been implicated in connective tissue destruction in vivo. We have studied the effect of ONOO- on the activity of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in vitro. The inactivation of TIMP-1 by ONOO- was dose dependent with 50 microM ONOO- reducing the inhibitory activity of TIMP-1 towards gelatinase-A by 50%. High(More)
Although many trials have evaluated the severity and treatment of nausea and vomiting immediately after cisplatin administration, no studies have focused on vomiting occurring more than 24 hours after chemotherapy--delayed emesis. Two consecutive trials were undertaken to evaluate the incidence, course (trial 1), and severity (trial 2) of delayed nausea and(More)
To determine the frequency and prognostic importance of pretreatment clinical characteristics in patients currently undergoing treatment for stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), data were collected on 378 patients receiving high-dose (120 mg/m2) cisplatin plus vinca alkaloid combination chemotherapy regimens since 1978. Variables analyzed included(More)
Recombinant human interstitial collagenase, an N-terminal truncated form, delta 243-450 collagenase, recombinant human stromelysin-1, and an N-terminal truncated form, delta 248-460 stromelysin, have been stably expressed in myeloma cells and purified. The truncated enzymes were similar in properties to their wild-type counterparts with respect to(More)
BACKGROUND Dacomitinib is an irreversible pan-EGFR family tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Findings from a phase 2 study in non-small cell lung cancer showed favourable efficacy for dacomitinib compared with erlotinib. We aimed to compare dacomitinib with erlotinib in a phase 3 study. METHODS In a randomised, multicentre, double-blind phase 3 trial in 134(More)
The diffuse neuroendocrine system consists of specialised endocrine cells and peptidergic nerves and is present in all organs of the body. Substance P (SP) is secreted by nerves and inflammatory cells such as macrophages, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and dendritic cells and acts by binding to the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R). SP has proinflammatory effects in(More)
Uncontrolled matrix metalloproteinase activity is thought to be a cause of the tissue damage observed in many disease processes. None of the drugs currently in use can prevent tissue destruction, and strategies for the development of synthetic inhibitors have been hampered by a poor understanding of the biochemistry of matrix metalloproteinases. Recent cDNA(More)