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Recombinant human progelatinase B and a COOH terminally truncated version, pro-delta426-688 gelatinase B have been prepared from a myeloma cell expression system. Both proenzymes could be processed to active forms by stromelysin-1 to give an NH2 terminus of Phe88, or by treatment with 4-aminophenylmercuric acetate resulting in an NH2-terminal Met75. The(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer generally have a progression-free survival of 9-13 months while being treated with the EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitors gefitinib or erlotinib. However, resistance inevitably develops, and more effective EGFR inhibitors are needed. Dacomitinib is a covalent pan-HER inhibitor that has shown(More)
Peroxynitrite (ONOO-) has recently been implicated in connective tissue destruction in vivo. We have studied the effect of ONOO- on the activity of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in vitro. The inactivation of TIMP-1 by ONOO- was dose dependent with 50 microM ONOO- reducing the inhibitory activity of TIMP-1 towards gelatinase-A by 50%. High(More)
Recombinant human interstitial collagenase, an N-terminal truncated form, delta 243-450 collagenase, recombinant human stromelysin-1, and an N-terminal truncated form, delta 248-460 stromelysin, have been stably expressed in myeloma cells and purified. The truncated enzymes were similar in properties to their wild-type counterparts with respect to(More)
BACKGROUND Dacomitinib is an irreversible pan-EGFR family tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Findings from a phase 2 study in non-small cell lung cancer showed favourable efficacy for dacomitinib compared with erlotinib. We aimed to compare dacomitinib with erlotinib in a phase 3 study. METHODS In a randomised, multicentre, double-blind phase 3 trial in 134(More)
PURPOSE This randomized, open-label trial compared dacomitinib (PF-00299804), an irreversible inhibitor of human epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR)/HER1, HER2, and HER4, with erlotinib, a reversible EGFR inhibitor, in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with NSCLC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology(More)
Gelatinase A, a member of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family, is secreted possessing an 80 amino acid N-terminal propeptide that must be removed in order to generate the active enzyme. Purified progelatinase A was activated to 38% of maximum by a 6 h incubation at 37 degrees C with equimolar concentrations of trypsin-activated interstitial(More)
The rationale for matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibition as a means to treat disease progression in breast cancer stems from the apparent involvement of MMPs in the hydrolysis of basement membranes during tumour cell invasion and subsequent metastasis. MMP-mediated matrix remodelling also appears to promote the growth of tumour cells, possibly by(More)
BACKGROUND This phase 2 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00548093) assessed the efficacy, safety, and impact on health-related quality of life of dacomitinib (PF-00299804), an irreversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) of human epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR)/HER1, HER2, and HER4, in patients with KRAS wild-type non-small cell lung cancer(More)