Joseph Ngozi Chukwu

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Health-seeking patterns of persons with tuberculosis (TB) before reporting at the Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) clinic for diagnosis and treatment were analysed. A total of 221 persons registered in the DOTS programme in 12 randomly selected rural and urban Local Government Areas in southern Nigeria were interviewed using a semi-structured(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the status of tuberculosis (TB) infection control practice in health care facilities implementing joint TB/HIV activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS A descriptive survey triangulating self-administered questionnaire (facility survey to Infection Control Officer, individual health worker to general health workers), review of facility case(More)
An understanding of the socioeconomic and cultural realities of persons infected with tuberculosis (TB) in communities is important to re-strategizing control programs because these realities often come as constraints to the use of the directly observed therapy short-course (DOTS) in Nigeria. In-depth interviews and focus group discussion were used to study(More)
Patent medicine vendors (PMVs) are a ubiquitous feature of the informal health sector in Nigeria. A previous study on healthcare-seeking behaviour of persons with chronic cough in southern Nigeria found that over 60% of respondents chose the PMV as a healthcare provider of first instance. This study sought to determine the willingness and capability of PMVs(More)
OBJECTIVE Knowing tuberculosis (TB) patients' satisfaction enables TB program managers to identify gaps in service delivery and institute measures to address them. This study is aimed at evaluating patients' satisfaction with TB services in southern Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 378 patients accessing TB care were studied using a validated(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the trend of leprosy case notification among children from 2002 to 2012 in Southern Nigeria. 2. To identify the challenges faced by the children suffering from leprosy. DESIGN A retrospective descriptive desk analysis of leprosy case notification data for children from 0 to 14 years in 14 states in Southern Nigeria. Secondly, a(More)
BACKGROUND Nigeria ranks 10th among 22 high TB burden countries with low TB case detection that relies on passive case finding. Although there is increasing body of evidence that active case finding (ACF) has improved TB case finding in urban slums in some parts of the world, this strategy had not been implemented in Nigeria despite the pervasiveness of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the quality of week 8 sputum smear AFB microscopy performed by peripheral TB laboratories in Nigeria. METHOD A cross-sectional review was performed of all week 8 tuberculosis sputum smear slides reported for the first quarter of 2009 by peripheral laboratories in five States of Nigeria. Each slide was reviewed by two independent(More)
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Passive case detection in national TB programmes is associated with low case notification, especially in children. This study was undertaken to improve detection of childhood TB in resource-poor settings through intensified case-finding strategies. (More)