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1 D iabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) are the two most serious acute metabolic complications of diabetes. DKA is responsible for more than 500,000 hospital days per year (1,2) at an estimated annual direct medical expense and indirect cost of 2.4 billion USD (2,3). Table 1 outlines the diagnostic criteria for DKA and(More)
The effects of individual psychotropic medications on serum prolactin concentrations are described, and recommendations for dealing with adverse effects are provided. Hyperprolactinemia can result in galactorrhea, amenorrhea, irregular menses, and anovulation; in men, impotence and azoospermia, with or without lactation and gynecomastia, can occur.(More)
To determine the acute effects of insulin on lipoprotein metabolism, we have followed the plasma lipoprotein lipid and apolipoprotein levels during insulin therapy for the first 24 hr in 13 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. Corrections were made for plasma volume changes during treatment. Before insulin treatment, mean plasma triglyceride and cholesterol(More)
The cause or causes of asthma among employees in aluminum smelters is unknown. We attempted to ascertain whether such workers who developed asthma differed in respect to indices of immunological function and certain genetic markers. Data were collected from 33 asthmatic and 127 nonasthmatic potroom workers. Asthmatic workers had significantly lower mean(More)
The use of phosphate therapy in the management of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) has been controversial, particularly with respect to the effect of phosphate intermediates on tissue oxygenation. In a prospective randomized study we evaluated the effect of phosphate (8.5 mmol/h or approximately 6 g phosphate/24 h) (experimental group) vs. no phosphate therapy(More)
Since in normal persons the hypoglycemic effect of low-dose intramuscular exceeds that of subcutaneous insulin we studied the effect of routes of insulin therapy in diabetic ketoacidosis. Forty-five patients with diabetic ketoacidosis entered a randomized prospective protocol with insulin administered either intravenously, subcutaneously or intramuscularly.(More)
We describe a genetic defect in a kindred in whom proinsulin or a proinsulin-like material constitutes the major fraction of circulating insulin immunoreactivity in both the fasting and stimulated states. The defect, familial hyperproinsulinemia, affects eight males and 10 females in four generations of the kindred, with an autosomal dominant mode of(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term studies on the comparative efficacy and relative potency of glipizide and glyburide are sparse and controversial. METHODS In a randomized prospective trial, we compared the effectiveness and relative potency of glipizide and glyburide over a 15-month period in 18 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) (9 on glyburide and 9 on(More)