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An autopsy study was performed on spinal cords from 18 children who died with HIV-1 infection, using standard histopathologic techniques as well as in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry for HIV-1. Of 16 spinal cords examined by histology, nine had inflammatory cell infiltrates and six had multinucleated cells; both types of lesion are associated(More)
Immunohistochemical methods were used to search for Fas receptor/Fas ligand system involvement in multiple sclerosis (MS) white matter brain lesions. We found large numbers of Fas ligand (Fas-L)-bearing cells present in two acute lesions and 12 of 16 chronic MS lesions, and very few positive cells in non-inflammatory controls. Four of six brains from non-MS(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) ligand is a potent glial cell mitogen. When its cognate receptor (PDGF-alphaR) is expressed on oligodendroglial lineage cells, such cells are considered capable of division, and the receptor thus serves as a phenotypic marker for oligodendrocyte precursor cells. Here we identify using immunohistochemistry a considerably(More)
Sequences critical for the activity of the measles virus (MV) RNA polymerase in transcription and replication were analyzed using a MV genomic cDNA library containing overlapping clones encompassing the entire MV genome. Clones corresponding to the 3' and 5' ends of the MV genome were identified and sequenced, and these sequences were confirmed by primer(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the measles virus (MV) L gene using a cDNA library encompassing the entire MV genome (J. Crowley et al. (1987) Intervirology, 28, 65-77). The L gene is 6639 nucleotides in length, and contains a single long open reading frame that could code for a protein of 247,611 kDa. Both the L gene and in particular the(More)
We cloned the genomic RNA of canine distemper virus (CDV) and determined the nucleotide sequence of the large (L) protein-coding gene. The L gene is 6573 nucleotides long and contains a single open reading frame coding for a polypeptide of 2161 amino acids (MW 246,354). The precise 5' end of the viral genome consists of a 38-nucleotide leader region. The(More)
The hallmark of the brain pathology in multiple sclerosis is the white matter plaque, characterized by myelin destruction and oligodendrocyte loss. To examine the role that cell death plays in the development of MS lesions, we used the in situ TUNEL technique, a method that sensitively detects DNA fragmentation associated with death at the single cell(More)
Evidence is presented showing that the brain cells of patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) contain mutant measles (MV) genomes having the characteristics of 5' copy-back defective interfering (DI) RNAs. Using a polymerase chain reaction-based amplification specific for copy-back DIs, abundant, discrete cDNAs representing different-sized(More)
Cytomegalovirus, measles, and adenovirus antibodies were measured in the sera of 92 Guillain-Barré patients and 120 controls. Thirty patients (33 percent) had markedly elevated levels of complement-fixing antibody to cytomegalovirus and in 21, a fourfold or more alteration in titer was demonstrated. Diagnostic falls in titer were seen in most instances and(More)
Epidemiologic data on 176 patients with acute Guillain-Barré syndrome observed over a nine-year period in the New York-New Jersey metropolitan area are presented. A striking predilection for patients aged 16 to 25 years, with a second lesser peak between ages 45 to 60, was found. Seasonal clustering of patients occurred, with nearly half the patients(More)