Joseph M. Zmuda

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Bone mass is a major determinant of fracture, but there have been few comprehensive studies of the correlates of bone mineral density (BMD) in older men. The objective of the current cross-sectional analysis was to determine the factors associated with BMD of the lumbar spine and proximal femur in a large population-based sample of older men enrolled in The(More)
Persistently low white blood cell count (WBC) and neutrophil count is a well-described phenomenon in persons of African ancestry, whose etiology remains unknown. We recently used admixture mapping to identify an approximately 1-megabase region on chromosome 1, where ancestry status (African or European) almost entirely accounted for the difference in WBC(More)
BACKGROUND High blood pressure is associated with abnormalities in calcium metabolism. Sustained calcium loss may lead to increased bone-mineral loss in people with high blood pressure. We investigated the prospective association between blood pressure and bone-mineral loss over time in elderly white women. METHODS We studied 3676 women who were initially(More)
To identify genetic factors contributing to type 2 diabetes (T2D), we performed large-scale meta-analyses by using a custom ∼50,000 SNP genotyping array (the ITMAT-Broad-CARe array) with ∼2000 candidate genes in 39 multiethnic population-based studies, case-control studies, and clinical trials totaling 17,418 cases and 70,298 controls. First, meta-analysis(More)
UNLABELLED Genome-wide association studies identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with increased hepatic fat or elevated liver enzymes, presumably reflecting nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). To investigate whether these SNPs are associated with histological severity of NAFLD, 1117 (894 adults/223 children) individuals(More)
UNLABELLED The inflammation of aging hypothesis purports that aging is the accumulation of damage, which results, in part, from chronic activation of inflammation process. We tested this hypothesis in relationship to fractures in 2985 men and women enrolled in the Health ABC study. Results showed that subjects with the greatest number of inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for hearing loss in a sample of 2,052 older adults (aged 73-84; 46.9% male, 37.3% black) enrolled in the Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. DESIGN Cross-sectional analysis of a longitudinal cohort study. SETTING Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Memphis, Tennessee, areas. (More)
The prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) > or =30 kg/m(2)) is higher in African Americans than in European Americans, even after adjustment for socioeconomic factors, suggesting that genetic factors may explain some of the difference. To identify genetic loci influencing BMI, we carried out a pooled analysis of genome-wide admixture mapping scans in(More)
Hip fractures are common and devastating events. The apolipoprotein E*4 (APOE) allele, associated with Alzheimer's disease, has also been associated with osteoporosis in hemodialysis patients. We prospectively studied 1750 women, age >/=65 years, who underwent measurements of hip and calcaneal bone mineral density (BMD), were typed for APOE and followed for(More)