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The present study examined lifestyle and behavioral correlates of the change in total testosterone over 13 years in 66 men aged 41-61 years who were former participants of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) at the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, center. The authors also determined in these men if changes in total testosterone are related to(More)
Quantitative ultrasound of the heel captures heel bone properties that independently predict fracture risk and, with bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by X-ray (DXA), may be convenient alternatives for evaluating osteoporosis and fracture risk. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) studies to assess the genetic determinants of heel(More)
Persistently low white blood cell count (WBC) and neutrophil count is a well-described phenomenon in persons of African ancestry, whose etiology remains unknown. We recently used admixture mapping to identify an approximately 1-megabase region on chromosome 1, where ancestry status (African or European) almost entirely accounted for the difference in WBC(More)
UNLABELLED Genome-wide association studies identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with increased hepatic fat or elevated liver enzymes, presumably reflecting nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). To investigate whether these SNPs are associated with histological severity of NAFLD, 1117 (894 adults/223 children) individuals(More)
Bone mass is a major determinant of fracture, but there have been few comprehensive studies of the correlates of bone mineral density (BMD) in older men. The objective of the current cross-sectional analysis was to determine the factors associated with BMD of the lumbar spine and proximal femur in a large population-based sample of older men enrolled in The(More)
We investigated the association of vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotype with fat-free mass (FFM) in a cohort of 302 older (aged 58-93 years) Caucasian men who underwent body composition analysis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and completed questionnaires addressing comorbidities, physical activity, and dietary intake. All participants were genotyped for(More)
The human androgen receptor (AR) gene contains a CAG (glutamine) repeat polymorphism in exon 1 that is inversely associated with transcriptional activity of the AR. We studied the association of AR CAG repeat length, fat-free mass (FFM), and testosterone in two independent cohorts: 294 Caucasian men, aged 55-93 yr, from the Study of Osteoporotic Risk in Men(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the association of the alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3) R577X polymorphism on muscle function and physical performance in older adults. METHODS We measured knee extensor torque, midthigh muscle cross-sectional area, muscle quality, short physical performance battery score, and 400-meter walk time at baseline and(More)
Excess thyroid hormone is associated with increased bone loss and fracture risk in older women, but few data exist for men. We sought to determine if thyroid function is independently associated with bone loss and fracture risk in older men. Data were analyzed from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study, a cohort of community-dwelling U.S. men aged(More)