Joseph M Scavone

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Ten healthy volunteers received a single 50-mg dose of diphenhydramine (DP) hydrochloride intravenously and orally on two separate occasions. Kinetics of DP and a major demethylated metabolite (DMDP) were determined from multiple plasma samples drawn during a 24- to 48-hour period after dosage. Modification of a gas chromatographic (GC) technique allowed(More)
We undertook a retrospective chart review of 37 neonates who received fentanyl by continuous infusion while undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) between May 1986 and October 1988. We quantified the doses of all sedatives utilized, determined the incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), and identified risk factors associated with(More)
Eleven healthy volunteers received a single intravenous dose of diazepam (0.15 mg/kg), midazolam (0.1 mg/kg), and placebo by 1-minute infusion in a double-blind, three-way crossover study. Plasma concentrations were measured during 24 hours after dosage, and the electroencephalographic (EEG) power spectrum was simultaneously computed by fast-Fourier(More)
Six healthy volunteers received a single i.v. dose of 'low dose' lorazepam (0.0225 mg/kg), 'high dose' lorazepam (0.045 mg/kg) and placebo by 1-min infusion in a double-blind three-way crossover study. Plasma concentrations were measured 24 hr after dosage, and the EEG power spectrum was simultaneously computed by fast-Fourier transform to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and tolerability of pregabalin for the treatment of central neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS Patients with chronic, below-level, neuropathic pain due to SCI were randomized to receive 150 to 600 mg/d pregabalin (n = 108) or matching placebo (n = 112) for 17 weeks. Pain was classified in relation to(More)
Tolerance to opioid-induced sedation has been reported in neonates sedated with fentanyl by continuous infusion while undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. We undertook a prospective analysis of eight newborn infants sedated with fentanyl during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy for respiratory failure. We recorded daily mean fentanyl(More)
Twelve healthy male volunteers participated in a single-dose four-way crossover study to evaluate potential drug interactions with oxaprozin, a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agent of the propionic class. The four modes of administration were:a. oxaprozin, 1200 mg alone;b. oxaprozin during concurrent acetaminophen, 500 mg 4 times daily;c. oxaprozin with(More)
Healthy volunteers received single doses of either phenytoin (300 mg IV), alprazolam (1 mg orally) or lorazepam (2 mg IV) on two occasions in random sequence. One of the two trials was a control; for the other trial, subjects ingested metronidazole, 250 mg three times daily beginning 4 days prior to and continuing for the duration of each kinetic study.(More)
31 healthy male (n = 17) and female (n = 14) volunteers, aged 20 to 45 years, were divided into 4 groups and received on 3 separate occasions either: paracetamol (acetaminophen) 650mg intravenously (n = 9); alprazolam 1mg orally (n = 7); antipyrine (phenazone) 1g intravenously (n = 8); or lorazepam 2mg intravenously (n = 7). Doses were administered prior to(More)
Thirteen women chronically using low-dose estrogen-containing oral contraceptives (50 micrograms or less of ethinyl estradiol or its equivalent for a minimum of 3 months) and 12 age-matched drug-free control women received a single 25 mg oral dose of doxylamine succinate in the fasting state. Ten women taking oral contraceptives and ten controls received a(More)