Joseph M . Miano

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of myriad cellular events, but evidence for a single miRNA that can efficiently differentiate multipotent stem cells into a specific lineage or regulate direct reprogramming of cells into an alternative cell fate has been elusive. Here we show that miR-145 and miR-143 are co-transcribed in multipotent murine cardiac(More)
Serum response factor (SRF) is a highly conserved and widely expressed, single copy transcription factor that theoretically binds up to 1,216 permutations of a 10-base pair cis element known as the CArG box. SRF-binding sites were defined initially in growth-related genes. Gene inactivation or knockdown studies in species ranging from unicellular eukaryotes(More)
SM22 alpha is a calponin-related protein that is expressed specifically in adult smooth muscle. To begin to define the mechanisms that regulate the establishment of the smooth muscle lineage, we analyzed the expression pattern of the SM22 alpha gene during mouse embryogenesis. In situ hybridization demonstrated that SM22 alpha transcripts were first(More)
Amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) deposition in cerebral vessels contributes to cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we report that in AD patients and two mouse models of AD, overexpression of serum response factor (SRF) and myocardin (MYOCD) in cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) generates an Aβ non-clearing VSMC phenotype(More)
Serum response factor (SRF) is a widely expressed transcription factor involved in orchestrating disparate programs of gene expression linked to muscle differentiation and cellular growth. Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation, for example, is marked by the coordinate expression of several contractile and cytoskeletal genes regulated directly by(More)
We cloned a portion of the mouse smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SM-MHC) cDNA and analyzed its mRNA expression in adult tissues, several cell lines, and developing mouse embryos to determine the suitability of the SM-MHC promoter as a tool for identifying smooth muscle-specific transcription factors and to define the spatial and temporal pattern of smooth(More)
SM22alpha is a putative calcium-binding protein that is expressed in cardiac, smooth, and skeletal muscle lineages during mouse embryogenesis and in adult smooth muscle cells (SMC). To define the mechanisms that regulate smooth muscle-specific gene transcription, we isolated the SM22alpha gene and analyzed its 5'-flanking region for elements that direct(More)
Serum response factor (SRF) binds a 1216-fold degenerate cis element known as the CArG box. CArG boxes are found primarily in muscle- and growth-factor-associated genes although the full spectrum of functional CArG elements in the genome (the CArGome) has yet to be defined. Here we describe a genome-wide screen to further define the functional mammalian(More)
A hallmark of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in culture and the injured vessel wall is their phenotypic modulation from a differentiated state to one of heightened growth, migration, and matrix synthesis. The transcriptional mechanisms underlying this altered genetic program have yet to be elucidated. Serum response factor (SRF) has emerged as a critical(More)
Cerebral angiopathy contributes to cognitive decline and dementia in Alzheimer's disease (AD) through cerebral blood flow (CBF) reductions and dysregulation. We report vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in small pial and intracerebral arteries, which are critical for CBF regulation, express in AD high levels of serum response factor (SRF) and myocardin(More)