Joseph M. Masserano

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In the unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease, controversy exists concerning the use of apomorphine- or D-amphetamine-induced rotations as reliable indicators of nigrostriatal dopamine depletion. Our objective was to evaluate which, if either, drug-induced behavior is more predictive of the extent of nigrostriatal(More)
Amphetamine, 10(-7) M or greater, evoked the release of [3H]dopamine ([3H]DA) and inhibited subsequent K+-evoked [3H]DA release from striatal synaptosomes superfused at a flow rate (1 ml/min) that prevented reuptake. Amphetamine inhibited the K+-evoked release of [3H]DA to a lesser extent in striatal slices or in synaptosomes superfused at a flow rate (0.35(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promotes the survival of dopaminergic neurons in primary cultures and protects these neurons from the neurotoxic effects of 6-hydroxydopamine. The protective mechanism of BDNF on neurotoxicity was evaluated using CATH.a cells, a clonal catecholaminergic cell line derived from the central nervous system. Dopamine(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase activity was measured in the brain of rats treated chronically with saline or cocaine (10 mg/kg, 2 x day, for 7 days). Tyrosine hydroxylase activity was significantly increased in the ventral tegmental area 1, 6 and 12 weeks after the last treatment with cocaine. The increase in tyrosine hydroxylase activity at 6 weeks after the last(More)
Dopamine produces a time- and dose-dependent increase in cell death in a clonal catecholaminergic cell line (CATH.a) derived from the central nervous system. Cell death also occurred after treatment with the catecholamines L-dihydroxyphenylalanine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and isoproterenol, as well as the neurotoxic compound 6-hydroxydopamine. Cell(More)
The effect of chloride ion on the transport of [3H]dopamine into synaptic vesicles purified from rat striatum has been evaluated. The inclusion of 10 mM chloride ion in the incubation medium produced a 100% increase in temperature-sensitive [3H]dopamine uptake into synaptic vesicles from approximately 1800 pmol/mg to 3600 pmol/mg of protein. Half-maximal(More)
The sleep-wavefulness behavior of cats was studied after infusion of phentolamine (3 micrograms, bilateral) or epinephrine (60 micrograms, bilateral) into the locus coeruleus. The drugs exerted opposite effects: phentolamine increased rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and decreased light slow wave sleep; epinephrine decreased REM sleep, increased light slow(More)
The long-sleep (LS) and short-sleep (SS) mice represent established lines, genetically selected from a heterogeneous stock (HS) of mice for differences in the duration of the loss of righting reflex (sleep-time response) to acute ethanol administration. Presently, the dose of ethanol (20% v/v i.p.) required for approximately a 50-min sleep-time response is(More)
A single application of electroconvulsive shock produced a rapid but short-lasting increase in tyrosine hydroxylase activity above control values in the rat adrenal medulla and striatum. After repeated electroconvulsive shock treatment (once per day for 7 days), tyrosine hydroxylase activity increased significantly in the locus ceruleus, nucleus of the(More)
Changes in the tissue levels of 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and dopamine in the frontal cortex, hypothalamus, nucleus accumbens, and striatum were evaluated after 0.5-4 h of footshock (2 mA, for 3 s every 30 +/- 5 s) in Fischer rats. 3-MT, DOPAC, and HVA levels in the four brain areas peaked at(More)