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In the unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease, controversy exists concerning the use of apomorphine- or D-amphetamine-induced rotations as reliable indicators of nigrostriatal dopamine depletion. Our objective was to evaluate which, if either, drug-induced behavior is more predictive of the extent of nigrostriatal(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase activity was measured in the brain of rats treated chronically with saline or cocaine (10 mg/kg, 2 x day, for 7 days). Tyrosine hydroxylase activity was significantly increased in the ventral tegmental area 1, 6 and 12 weeks after the last treatment with cocaine. The increase in tyrosine hydroxylase activity at 6 weeks after the last(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promotes the survival of dopaminergic neurons in primary cultures and protects these neurons from the neurotoxic effects of 6-hydroxydopamine. The protective mechanism of BDNF on neurotoxicity was evaluated using CATH.a cells, a clonal catecholaminergic cell line derived from the central nervous system. Dopamine(More)
The long-sleep (LS) and short-sleep (SS) mice represent established lines, genetically selected from a heterogeneous stock (HS) of mice for differences in the duration of the loss of righting reflex (sleep-time response) to acute ethanol administration. Presently, the dose of ethanol (20% v/v i.p.) required for approximately a 50-min sleep-time response is(More)
A single application of electroconvulsive shock produced a rapid but short-lasting increase in tyrosine hydroxylase activity above control values in the rat adrenal medulla and striatum. After repeated electroconvulsive shock treatment (once per day for 7 days), tyrosine hydroxylase activity increased significantly in the locus ceruleus, nucleus of the(More)
Changes in the tissue levels of 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and dopamine in the frontal cortex, hypothalamus, nucleus accumbens, and striatum were evaluated after 0.5-4 h of footshock (2 mA, for 3 s every 30 +/- 5 s) in Fischer rats. 3-MT, DOPAC, and HVA levels in the four brain areas peaked at(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase is considered to be the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of catecholamines in both the central and peripheral nervous system. Increased or decreased neuronal activity, stress, lesions, drug effects, endocrinological manipulations and experimental models of hypertension are associated with alterations in tyrosine hydroxylase(More)
The effect of chloride ion on the transport of [3H]dopamine into synaptic vesicles purified from rat striatum has been evaluated. The inclusion of 10 mM chloride ion in the incubation medium produced a 100% increase in temperature-sensitive [3H]dopamine uptake into synaptic vesicles from approximately 1800 pmol/mg to 3600 pmol/mg of protein. Half-maximal(More)
The sleep-wavefulness behavior of cats was studied after infusion of phentolamine (3 micrograms, bilateral) or epinephrine (60 micrograms, bilateral) into the locus coeruleus. The drugs exerted opposite effects: phentolamine increased rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and decreased light slow wave sleep; epinephrine decreased REM sleep, increased light slow(More)