Joseph M Kahwaji

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BACKGROUND Transplantation rates are very low for the broadly sensitized patient (panel reactive antibody [PRA]>80%; HS). Here, we examine the efficacy, outcomes, and cost-effectiveness of desensitization using high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and rituximab to improve transplantation rates in HS patients. METHODS From July 2006 to December(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) mediates most physiologic and pathophysiologic actions of its endogenous ligand, angiotensin II, with overactivity leading to vascular remodeling and hypertension. Antibodies to AT1R are implicated in several vascular pathologies. The aim of our study was to determine the impact of antibody to AT1R on clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Highly HLA-sensitized (HS) patients have difficulty accessing compatible donors, especially deceased donor (DD) transplants. Desensitization protocols (DES) have evolved, but rigorous evaluation is lacking. Here, we examined the efficacy of rituximab as a DES agent in a placebo-controlled trial. METHODS Candidates were randomized to(More)
BACKGROUND.: We have shown that high-dose intravenous immune globulin (IVIG; 2 g/kg x2 doses)+rituximab (1 g x2 doses) was effective in lowering anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies and improving rates of transplantation. The aim of this report was to evaluate the efficacy of IVIG+rituximab on reduction of anti-HLA antibodies to a level that was(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Intravenous Ig (IVIG) is used in renal transplantation for desensitization and treatment of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). The infusion of high-dose IVIG is generally well tolerated, but there are reports of hemolytic anemia induced by anti-blood group antibodies present in IVIG. Here, we report our experience with IVIG-induced(More)
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is a unique, significant, and often severe form of allograft rejection that is not amenable to treatment with standard immunosuppressive medications. Significant advances have occurred in our ability to predict patients at risk for, and to diagnose, AMR. These advances include the development of newer anti-human leukocyte(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Rituximab and intravenous Ig (IVIG) are commonly used for desensitization of HLA and blood group-incompatible (ABOi) transplants. However, serious infections have been noted in association with rituximab administration. In this study, we retrospectively compared infectious outcomes in those who received rituximab plus IVIG for HLA(More)
For broadly human leukocyte antigen-sensitized patients (HS; calculated panel-reactive antibody >80%), options for deceased donor (DD) transplantation are extremely limited. Data from United Network for Organ Sharing (2000-2009) indicate that <10% of HS patients are transplanted each year. Immune modulation of HS patients using intravenous immunoglobulin(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in renal transplant recipients with a functioning allograft. Modification of CVD risk factors may, therefore, decrease overall mortality in this patient population. We studied renal transplant recipients within an integrated healthcare system (IHS) that uses case management and electronic(More)
Transplant glomerulopathy (TG) is associated with poor long-term allograft survival and is often accompanied by microcirculation inflammation. Histopathologic scoring may inform prognosis and help guide therapy. We retrospectively assessed 33 patients with biopsy-proven TG. All biopsies were given a glomerulitis (g) and peritubular capillaritis (ptc) score.(More)