Joseph M. Horn

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Personality changes over time can be analyzed by the same twin and adoption methods used to analyze the genetic and environmental influences on a trait at a given time. Composite parent rating measures of Extra-version, Socialization, and Stability made on two occasions approximately 10 years apart on 229 adopted and 83 nonadopted children from the Texas(More)
There is an extensive literature on the relationship between birth order and psychological traits, but no previous study has investigated the influence of ordinal position on personality development within adoptive siblings. Such a design is important because it effectively separates the effects of biological birth order and rearing order. Here we report(More)
Intellectual and personality measures were available from unwed mothers who gave their children up for adoption at birth. The same or similar measures have been obtained from 300 sets of adoptive parents and all of their adopted and natural children in the Texas Adoption Project. The sample characteristics are discussed in detail, and the basic findings for(More)
Adoption studies provide an opportunity to check on twin-study inferences about genetic and environmental effects on personality. The Texas Adoption Project obtained personality tests and ratings from members of 300 adoptive families: MMPIs and 16PFs for adults, and Cattell scales and parents' ratings for children. Overall there was little personality(More)
Personality test data from the California Psychological Inventory were collected on 99 pairs of identical and 99 pairs of fraternal adult male twins. Heritabilities were comuted for all 18 scales and compared to the heritabilities for "pure" scales with overlapping items omitted. Two of the pure scales, Responsibility and Femininity, had zero(More)
A large-scale adoption study is underway at the University of Texas where IQ test scores are available for over 1200 women who gave up their children for adoption immediately following delivery. The adopted children and their adoptive families are now being located and tested and, if current trends continue, complete data should eventually be available on(More)
An analysis of genetic and environmental contributions to intellectual change was carried out by means of a path model applied to IQ data from the Texas Adoption Project, an adoption study in which children were measured on 2 occasions approximately 10 years apart. Included in the model were assortative mating, selective placement, genotype-environment(More)
Members of 220 families who had adopted one or more children from a Texas home for unwed mothers at least 14 years ago completed the California Psychological Inventory and the Thurstone Temperament Schedule. Consistent with other recent adoption studies in Minnesota and Texas, there was very little resemblance between parents and adopted children or between(More)
The California Psychological Inventory (CPI) was administered to a sample of 71 pairs of monozygotic and 53 pairs of dizygotic twins reared apart (MZA, DZA, adult twins) and 99 pairs of monozygotic and 99 pairs of dizygotic twins reared together (MZT, DZT, adult male twins). The twin reared apart data was age and sex corrected. The twin reared together data(More)
Utilizing the transphosphatidylation reaction catalyzed by phospholipase D (PLD) in the presence of a primary alcohol and the short-chain phospholipid PC8, we have characterized the enzyme from human neutrophils. A pH optimum of 7.8-8.0 was determined. PIP(2), EDTA/EGTA, and ATP were found to enhance basal PLD activity in vitro. Inhibitory elements were:(More)