Joseph Lucas

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RATIONALE Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is important for Fc and B-cell receptor-mediated signaling. OBJECTIVE To determine the activity of a specific Syk inhibitor (R406) on mast cell activation in vitro and on the development of allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammation in vivo. METHODS AHR and inflammation were induced after 10(More)
Iron (Fe) is known to be necessary for cellular proliferation. Previous studies have suggested that neuroblastoma cells appear to be relatively sensitive to growth inhibition by a specific Fe chelator, deferrioxamine (DFO), in vitro. Also, DFO has been recently used for the treatment of neuroblastoma patients. In this paper we demonstrate that neuroblastoma(More)
Cell growth and proliferation as well as cell cycle arrest and apoptosis all play integral roles in the cellular immune response. The signals that lead to cytokine production by antigen- or mitogen-stimulated T cells have been studied in detail. However, it is not fully understood how these signals promote cell cycle entry and progression to DNA synthesis(More)
An in vitro culture system of bovine vaginal epithelial cells (BVECs) was developed to study the cytopathogenic effects of Tritrichomonas foetus and the role of lipophosphoglycan (LPG)-like cell surface glycoconjugates in adhesion of parasites to host cells. Exposure of BVEC monolayers to T. foetus resulted in extensive damage of monolayers. Host cell(More)
A number of N-linked membrane glycoproteins are induced during chick oviduct differentiation. We have purified a major estrogen-inducible glycoprotein (Mr = 91,000) to homogeneity by preparative sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Comparison of partial NH2-terminal sequence data with membrane glycoproteins having similar Mr showed a(More)
Risk sharing arrangements between hospitals and payers together with penalties imposed by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) are driving an interest in decreasing early readmissions. There are a number of published risk models predicting 30day readmissions for particular patient populations, however they often exhibit poor predictive performance(More)
Many defects in cancer cells are in molecules regulating G(1)-phase cyclin-dependent kinases (cdks), which are responsible for modulating the activities of Rb family growth-suppressing proteins. Models for understanding how such defects affect proliferation assume that cdks are responsible for sequentially phosphorylating, and hence inactivating, the(More)
Ubiquitylated inclusion bodies (IBs) found in Huntington’s disease (HD) postulate an impaired ubiquitin-proteasome system. However, this hypothesis remains controversial. In vitro-generated polyglutamine aggregates failed to inhibit purified proteasomes, while filamentous huntingtin aggregates isolated from mice resulted in inhibition. However, similarly(More)
In yeast, the protein kinase p34cdc2 plays a role in regulating both the G2 to M and G1 to S phase transitions. The discovery of multiple homologues of the protein in cells of higher eukaryotic organisms suggests that different cell cycle regulatory events may be performed by different kinases in such cells. Here, the synthesis and metabolism of the human(More)