Joseph Leighton

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Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki HD-73 produces a crystal protein which is lethal to many lepidopteran larvae. The gene encoding this crystal protein has been isolated from a 75-kb plasmid and engineered into a recombinant Escherichia coli plasmid for analysis. The complete nucleotide sequences of the coding region and 387-bp 5' and 376-bp 3' to the(More)
In an attempt to identify a mitochondrial ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter, we have used the polymerase chain reaction to amplify 10 DNA fragments homologous to members of the ABC family from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We disrupted five of the corresponding genes and found that one of the resulting null mutants barely grew on rich medium and(More)
A cell line (MDCK) of dog kidney origin grows on a glass surface as a mosaic of epithelium with many multicellular hemispherical vesicles. The cells lining the blisters actively secrete into the cyst cavities. Suspensions of these cells injected intravenously in the chick embryo produce brain metastases resembling adenocarcinoma.
On solid substrates MDCK, a cell line derived from normal dog kidney, forms a confluent monolayer that is studded with “blisters”. Previous studies with this cell line suggest that these hemicysts develop as a result of active fluid accumulation between cell sheet and substratum. One factor that may determine when and how hemicysts appear only in localized(More)
A model for the study of angiogenesis in vitro is described. Rat aortas, cultured in a tridimensional matrix of clotted chick plasma, gave rise to luxuriant outgrowth of vascular channels. We studied this process with light microscopic, radioautographic, and ultrastructural techniques. On the 2nd d of culture, endothelial cells sprouted from the intima of(More)
Bovine capillary endothelial cells (BCEC), cultured in suspension on a rotary shaker, formed aggregates ranging from 50 to 300 µm in diameter. In plasma clot these aggregates sprouted in multiple directions and gave rise to vascular channels. Aggregates of the squamous cell carcinoma line of rat bladder NBT-II-81, cultured in plasma clot, formed solid(More)
To investigate the role played by developing microvessels in the spread of tumors, segments of rat aorta were cultured with aggregates of NBT-II-81, a cell line derived from squamous cell carcinoma of rat bladder. Aortic rings cultured in plasma clot gave rise to microvascular networks composed of branching endothelial channels. Aggregates of carcinoma in(More)
Two epithelial cell lines of urological origin have been compared for their invasiveness in an in vitro three-dimensional culture system, using embryonic chick cardiac muscle as host tissue. Cells from the Nara bladder tumor line (NBT-II), an invasive tumor in the rat, invaded and progressively occupied the cardiac muscle which degenerated. Cells from a dog(More)
The chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of the chick embryo is readily accessible for experimentation. It is a complete tissue that responds to injury with classical inflammatory reactions. It is limited to the late phase of embryologic life, and is without the sense of pain. Focal topical application of various household products onto the CAM results in local(More)