Joseph L. Unthank

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This study was designed to characterize in vivo arterial remodeling of male Wistar rat small mesenteric arteries exposed to varying levels of elevated blood flow in the presence of normal arterial pressure. Through a series of arterial ligations, respective ileal artery and second-order branch blood flows acutely increased approximately 36 and approximately(More)
While tissue perfusion and angiogenesis subsequent to acute femoral artery occlusion are suppressed in NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2)-null (Nox2(-/-)) mice, studies have not established the role of Nox2 in collateral artery enlargement. Rac2 is a small GTPase that binds Nox2 and activates Nox2-based NAD(P)H oxidase but, unlike Nox2, is primarily restricted to bone(More)
Recent clinical and animal studies have shown that collateral artery growth is impaired in the presence of vascular risk factors, including hypertension. Available evidence suggests that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) promote collateral growth in both hypertensive humans and animals; however, the specific mechanisms are not established.(More)
Previous work in our laboratory showed increased basal periarterial nitric oxide (NO) and H2O2 concentrations in the spontaneously hypertensive rat, characterized by oxidant stress, as well as impaired flow-mediated NO production that was corrected by a reduction of periarterial H2O2. Aging is also associated with an increase in vascular reactive oxygen(More)
Analysis of global gene expression in mesenteric control and collateral arteries was used to investigate potential molecules, pathways, and mechanisms responsible for impaired collateral growth in the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR). A fundamental difference was observed in overall gene expression pattern in SHR versus Wistar Kyoto (WKY) collaterals;(More)
This study was undertaken to determine what changes occur in the intestinal microvasculature during the rapid growth associated with juvenile maturation. A technique was developed that permitted the comparison of the same microvessels in exactly the same intestinal region at two time periods of an animal's life. A region of the terminal ileum of 5-week-old(More)
DiStasi MR, Unthank JL, Miller SJ. Nox2 and p47 phox modulate compensatory growth of primary collateral arteries. role of NADPH oxidase (Nox) in both the promotion and impairment of compensatory collateral growth remains controversial because the specific Nox and reactive oxygen species involved are unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the primary(More)
To determine if intestinal microvascular growth is impaired in diabetic juvenile animals, a segment of the terminal ileum was marked and the microvasculature of this segment observed at the age of 5 weeks and again at the age of 10-11 weeks in normal and diabetic Sprague Dawley rats. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin after the first observation period(More)
24 This study was undertaken to establish the role of NADPH oxidase (Nox) in impaired vascular 25 compensation to arterial occlusion that occurs in the presence of risk factors associated with 26 oxidative stress. Diet-induced obese (DIO) mice characterized by multiple comorbidities 27 including diabetes and hyperlipidemia were utilized as a preclinical(More)
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