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The magnitude of shear stimulus has been shown to determine the level of growth factor expression in cell culture. However, little is known regarding what effect shear level has on specific arterial wall remodeling events in vivo. We have hypothesized that the rate of luminal diameter change and specific remodeling events within the arterial wall layers are(More)
Wall remodeling associated with rapid luminal enlargement of collateral mesenteric arteries in rats was investigated 1 and 4 weeks after creation of a collateral pathway by ligating three to four sequential arteries. Paired observations were made of inner diameters of collateral and normal arteries in the same animals. Arterial blood flow was measured at(More)
The technique to repeatedly observe exactly the same vessels in the rat intestine was used to investigate vascular compensation during the 1st wk after abrupt arterial ligation. A collateral-dependent tissue region was created by ligation of three to four sequential intestinal arteries. At the center of the collateral-dependent region, arterial pressure(More)
Recent clinical and animal studies have shown that collateral artery growth is impaired in the presence of vascular risk factors, including hypertension. Available evidence suggests that angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) promote collateral growth in both hypertensive humans and animals; however, the specific mechanisms are not established.(More)
This study was designed to characterize in vivo arterial remodeling of male Wistar rat small mesenteric arteries exposed to varying levels of elevated blood flow in the presence of normal arterial pressure. Through a series of arterial ligations, respective ileal artery and second-order branch blood flows acutely increased approximately 36 and approximately(More)
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is characterized by leukocyte adhesion and infiltration, venous hypertension and dilatation, and valvular dysfunction. The fact that activated white cells can direct a powerful cytotoxic arsenal at parenchymal cells following their extravasation into the tissues led to the original proposal that leukocytes may play a(More)
This report evaluates the ability of a single competent (native or experimental) superficial femoral vein valve to correct canine hindlimb venous insufficiency. The time to maximal ankle venous pressure after standing (VFT) and to 90% of that time after exercise (VRT90), and the minimal pressure after exercise (AVP) were measured in 17 greyhounds before(More)
PURPOSE The objectives were to transplant a venous valve into the popliteal vein of a canine insufficiency model that would maintain long-term function and then to measure the hemodynamic benefit of such a valve. METHODS Indexes of venous valvular function, including venous filling time, 90% of venous refilling time, and simulated ambulatory venous(More)
Continued study of a chronic deep venous insufficiency (CDVI) model allows optimal comparison with the human condition. This study evaluates the model's long-term stability, its lack of observed clinical effect, and a simulated exercise study as a physiologic estimate of normal hindlimb walking. The time to maximal ankle venous pressure after standing(More)
To develop a large-animal model of chronic venous valve incompetence, 13 greyhound dogs underwent unilateral hindlimb venous valve lysis with a valve cutter apparatus pulled retrograde through the iliac, femoral, and lateral saphenous veins. Bilateral venous pressures in the lateral saphenous vein were recorded before valve lysis, immediately after valve(More)