Joseph L . Blackshear

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The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is related to age. Anticoagulation is highly effective in preventing stroke in patients with AF, but the risk of hemorrhage may be increased in older patients. We reviewed the available epidemiologic data to define the age and sex distribution of people with AF. From four large recent population-based surveys, we(More)
With a substantial impact on morbidity and mortality, the growing "epidemic" of atrial fibrillation (AF) intersects with a number of conditions, including aging, thromboembolism, hemorrhage, hypertension and left ventricular dysfunction. Currently, the epidemiology and natural history of AF govern all aspects of its clinical management. The ongoing global(More)
BACKGROUND Left atrial appendage obliteration was historically ineffective for the prevention of postoperative stroke in patients with rheumatic atrial fibrillation who underwent operative mitral valvotomy. It is, however, a routine part of modern "curative" operations for nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation, such as the maze and corridor procedures. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES This study explored the mechanisms linking clinical and precordial echocardiographic predictors to thromboembolism in atrial fibrillation (AF) by assessing transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) correlations. BACKGROUND Clinical predictors of thromboembolism in patients with nonvalvular AF have been identified, but their mechanistic links(More)
Primary malignant tumors of the thoracic and abdominal aortas are extremely rare. In most cases, a diagnosis is established either postmortem or after an emergency operation for embolic complications. We present the case of a thoracic aortic angiosarcoma in a 71-year-old man who initially was seen with peripheral embolization. The management of these tumors(More)
BACKGROUND Cheyne-Stokes respirations have frequently been noted in highly selected groups of patients with congestive heart failure, but their prevalence in an unselected population with congestive heart failure is undefined. METHODS One hundred consecutive unselected outpatients or stable inpatients with clinical congestive heart failure encountered by(More)
BACKGROUND The Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy Versus Stenting Trial (CREST) found a higher risk of stroke after carotid artery stenting and a higher risk of myocardial infarction (MI) after carotid endarterectomy. METHODS AND RESULTS Cardiac biomarkers and ECGs were performed before and 6 to 8 hours after either procedure and if there was(More)
Fosphenytoin is a prodrug that is metabolized by phosphatases to yield the antiepileptic drug phenytoin plus inorganic phosphate. Thus, fosphenytoin can theoretically alter the electrocardiogram by 2 mechanisms: the direct effects of phenytoin on cardiac conduction and on phosphate binding of calcium, which could indirectly alter cardiac conduction as a(More)
Electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) is the reference standard for x-ray-based tomographic imaging of the heart because of its high temporal resolution, but it is available in only a few centers. Quantification of coronary calcium is the most widely recognized use of EBCT for cardiac imaging. This technique requires no contrast media and provides an(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The relation between cardiac mortality and antiarrhythmic drug administration has not been fully determined. This relation was analyzed in 1,330 patients enrolled in the Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Study, a randomized clinical trial comparing warfarin, aspirin and placebo for the prevention of ischemic stroke or(More)