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We present a model for discourse coherence which combines the local entity-based approach of (Barzilay and Lapata, 2005) and the HMM-based content model of (Barzilay and Lee, 2004). Unlike the mixture model of (Soricut and Marcu, 2006), we learn local and global features jointly, providing a better theoretical explanation of how they are useful. As the(More)
When people are asked to retrieve members of a category from memory, clusters of semantically related items tend to be retrieved together. A recent article by Hills, Jones, and Todd (2012) argued that this pattern reflects a process similar to optimal strategies for foraging for food in patchy spatial environments, with an individual making a strategic(More)
We present a PCFG parsing algorithm that uses a multilevel coarse-to-fine (mlctf) scheme to improve the efficiency of search for the best parse. Our approach requires the user to specify a sequence of nested partitions or equivalence classes of the PCFG non-terminals. We define a sequence of PCFGs corresponding to each partition , where the nonterminals of(More)
Most psychological theories treat the features of objects as being fixed and immediately available to observers. However, novel objects have an infinite array of properties that could potentially be encoded as features, raising the question of how people learn which features to use in representing those objects. We focus on the effects of distributional(More)
Representations are a key explanatory device used by cognitive psychologists to account for human behavior. Understanding the effects of context and experience on the representations people use is essential, because if two people encode the same stimulus using different representations, their response to that stimulus may be different. We present a(More)
The tendency to test outcomes that are predicted by our current theory (the confirmation bias) is one of the best-known biases of human decision making. We prove that the confirmation bias is an optimal strategy for testing hypotheses when those hypotheses are deterministic, each making a single prediction about the next event in a sequence. Our proof(More)
The Bayesian generalization framework has been successful in explaining how people generalize a property from a few observed stimuli to novel stimuli, across several different domains. To create a successful Bayesian generalization model, modelers typically specify a hypothesis space and prior probability distribution for each specific domain. However ,(More)
Understanding the relationship between connectionist and probabilistic models is important for evaluating the compatibility of these approaches. We use mathematical analyses and computer simulations to show that a linear neural network can approximate the generalization performance of a probabilis-tic model of property induction, and that training this(More)
Almost all successful machine learning algorithms and cognitive models require powerful representations capturing the features that are relevant to a particular problem. We draw on recent work in nonparametric Bayesian statistics to define a rational model of human feature learning that forms a featural representation from raw sensory data without(More)