Joseph Kunnil

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Dipicolinic acid (DPA) and the Ca2+ complex of DPA (CaDPA) are major chemical components of bacterial spores. With fluorescence being considered for the detection and identification of spores, it is important to understand the optical properties of the major components of the spores. We report in some detail on the room-temperature fluorescence excitation(More)
Fluorescence has been suggested as a method with which to detect and identify bacterial spores. To better understand the nature of the fluorescence signal, we observed the intrinsic steady-state fluorescence and phosphorescence spectra of Bacillus globigii (BG) in both dried and aqueous forms. In vitro, dried, and suspension forms of BG were measured at(More)
Fluorescence spectroscopy has been used to measure fluorescence quantum efficiency (QE) of dried Bacillus spores (washed and unwashed) fixed to a quartz substrate. Fluorescence spectra and QE of anthracene in ethanol was used as the standard. We measured the absorption and fluorescence signal of the spores as a function of the number of spores. The(More)
The fluorescence spectra of Bacillus spores are measured at excitation wavelengths of 280, 310, 340, 370, and 400 nm. When cluster analysis is used with the principal-component analysis, the Bacillus globigii spores can be distinguished from the other species of Bacillus spores (B. cereus, B. popilliae, and B. thuringiensis). To test how robust the(More)
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