Joseph Kanner

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The viable counts of Salmonella typhimurium on nutrient agar (NA) decreased upon the addition of either the essential oil of thyme or its constituent thymol, especially under anaerobic conditions. Antagonistic effects of thymol against Staphylococcus aureus were also greater under anaerobic conditions. In contrast to the phenolic constituents of the oil,(More)
Lipid peroxidation is, in most instances, a free radical chain reaction that can be described in terms of initiation, propagation, branching and termination processes. With regard to lipid peroxidation, one of the most important questions concerns the source of the primary catalysts that initiate peroxidation in situ in muscle foods. When cells are injured,(More)
The "French paradox" (apparent compatibility of a high fat diet with a low incidence of coronary atherosclerosis) has been attributed to the regular drinking of red wine. However, the alcohol content of wine may not be the sole explanation for this protection. Red wine also contains phenolic compounds, and the antioxidant properties of these may have an(More)
Polyphenols, which occur both in edible plants and in foodstuff, have been reported to exert a wide range of health effects; however, the mechanism of action of these molecules is not fully understood. One important cellular pathway affected by polyphenols is the activation of the transcription factor Nrf2 via the electrophile response element, which(More)
The direct oxidation of PUFA by triplet oxygen is spin forbidden. The data reviewed indicate that lipid peroxidation is initiated by nonenzymatic and enzymatic reactions. One of the first steps in the initiation of lipid peroxidation in animal tissues is by the generation of a superoxide radical (see Figure 16), or its protonated molecule, the perhydroxyl(More)
Antioxidant nutrients from fruits and vegetables are believed to be a class of compounds that exert their effects in humans by preventing oxidative processes which contribute to the onset of several degenerative diseases. This study found a new class of dietary cationized antioxidants in red beets (Beta vulgaris L.). These antioxidants are betalains, and(More)
The interaction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) with metmyoglobin (MetMb) led very rapidly to the generation of an active species which could initiate lipid peroxidation. The activity of this prooxidant decreased rapidly during the first minutes, but 50% of its activity remained stable for more than 30 min. In this model system, it was found that small amounts(More)
Current evidence supports a contribution of polyphenols to the prevention of cardiovascular disease, but their mechanisms of action are not understood. We investigated the impact of red wine polyphenols on postprandial cytotoxic lipid peroxidation products (MDA) levels in humans. In a randomized, crossover study, the effect of red wine polyphenols on(More)
The Western diet contains large quantities of oxidized lipids, because a large proportion of the food in the diet is consumed in a fried, heated, processed, or stored form. We investigated the reaction that could occur in the acidic pH of the stomach and accelerate the generation of lipid hydroperoxides and cooxidation of dietary vitamins. To estimate the(More)
Our recent study demonstrated the potential of gastric fluid at pH 3.0 to accelerate lipid peroxidation and cooxidation of dietary constituents in the stomach medium. Metmyoglobin is known to catalyze the breakdown of lipid hydroperoxides to free radicals, a reaction that could enhance the propagation step and general lipid peroxidation. During this(More)