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BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by both airway remodeling and parenchymal destruction. The identification of unique biomarker patterns associated with airway dominant versus parenchymal dominant patterns would support the existence of unique phenotypes representing independent biologic processes. A cross-sectional(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To develop and evaluate a reliable, fully-automated lung segmentation scheme for application in X-ray computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS The automated scheme was heuristically developed using a slice-based, pixel-value threshold and two sets of classification rules. Features used in the rules include size, circularity, and(More)
Lobe identification in computed tomography (CT) examinations is often an important consideration during the diagnostic process as well as during treatment planning because of their relative independence of each other in terms of anatomy and function. In this paper, we present a new automated scheme for segmenting lung lobes depicted on 3-D CT examinations.(More)
Identification of pulmonary fissures, which form the boundaries between the lobes in the lungs, may be useful during clinical interpretation of computed tomography (CT) examinations to assess the early presence and characterization of manifestation of several lung diseases. Motivated by the unique nature of the surface shape of pulmonary fissures in 3-D(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to evaluate the association between examination findings based on Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders and performances on bite force and endurance tasks. METHODS Subjects were 126 patients with temporomandibular disorder and 34 pain-free controls. A subset of patients with temporomandibular(More)
RATIONALE Studies demonstrating an association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and low bone mineral density (BMD) implicate factors distinct from treatments and severity of lung disease in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Whereas emphysema has been independently associated with vascular disease and other comorbidities, its association with(More)
RATIONALE To study the relationship between emphysema and/or airflow obstruction and lung cancer in a high-risk population. OBJECTIVE We studied lung cancer related to radiographic emphysema and spirometric airflow obstruction in tobacco-exposed persons who were screened for lung cancer using chest computed tomography (CT). METHODS Subjects completed(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the optimal threshold by quantitatively assessing the extent of emphysema at the level of the entire lung and at the level of individual lobes using a large, diverse dataset of computed tomography (CT) examinations. METHODS This study comprises 573 chest CT examinations acquired from subjects with different levels of airway(More)
RATIONALE C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13) mediates B-cell trafficking and is increased, proportionately to disease activity, in many antibody-mediated syndromes. Dysregulated B cells have recently been implicated in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES To determine if CXCL13 is associated with IPF progression. METHODS CXCL13(More)
This study aims to develop a new computer-aided detection (CAD) scheme to detect early interstitial lung disease (ILD) using low-dose computed tomography (CT) examinations. The CAD scheme classifies each pixel depicted on the segmented lung areas into positive or negative groups for ILD using a mesh-grid-based region growth method and a multi-feature-based(More)