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The molecular basis of breast cancer progression to metastasis and the role of estrogen receptor (ER) signaling in this process remain poorly understood. Emerging evidence suggests that ER participates in extranuclear signaling in addition to genomic functions. Recent studies identified proline-, glutamic acid-, and leucine-rich protein-1 (PELP1) as one of(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling has been shown to promote invasion and metastasis in various models of human cancers. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of a TGF-beta type I receptor kinase inhibitor (TbetaRI-I) to limit early systemic metastases in an orthotopic xenograft model of lung metastasis and in an intracardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggested that induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) might confer both metastatic and self-renewal properties to breast tumor cells resulting in drug resistance and tumor recurrence. TGFbeta is a potent inducer of EMT and has been shown to promote tumor progression in various breast cancer cell and animal models. (More)
The molecular mechanisms that drive triple-negative, basal-like breast cancer progression are elusive. Few molecular targets have been identified for the prevention or treatment of this disease. Here we developed a series of isogenic basal-like human mammary epithelial cells (HMECs) with altered transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) sensitivity and different(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) isoforms are known to be upregulated during the progression of some diseases. They have been shown to stimulate invasion and metastasis during carcinogenesis and promote many pathological fibrotic diseases when overstimulated. This involvement in late-stage carcinoma and pathological fibrosis makes TGFbeta isoforms(More)
INTRODUCTION Proteasome inhibition provides an attractive approach to cancer therapy and may have application in the treatment of breast cancer. However, results of recent clinical trials to evaluate the effect of the proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib (Velcade, also called PS-341) in metastatic breast cancer patients have shown limited activity when used as a(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable neoplasm characterized by devastating and progressive bone destruction. Standard chemotherapeutic agents have not been effective at significantly prolonging the survival of MM patients and these agents are typically associated with often severe, dose-limiting side effects. There is great need for methods to target the(More)
Proteasome inhibition is associated with substantial antitumor effects in preclinical models of multiple myeloma (MM) as well as in patients. However, results of recent clinical trials to evaluate the effect of the proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib (Velcade(®), also called PS-341) in MM patients have shown limited activity when used as a single agent. This(More)
In general, detection of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) occurs at the late stage when there is no treatment option. In the present study, we designed novel drug delivery systems that are functionalized with anti-CD133 antibodies. The C1, C2 and C3 complexes with cisplatin were introduced into nanotubes, either physically or chemically. The complexes were(More)
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