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Dielectrophoresis (DEP), the phenomenon of directed motion of electrically polarizable particles in a nonuniform electric field, is promising for applications in biochemical separation and filtration. For colloidal particles in suspension, the relaxation of the ionic species in the shear layer gives rise to a frequency-dependent, bidirectional DEP force in… (More)
Maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) for chromosome 14 (upd(14)mat) has been associated with a distinct phenotype. We describe the first case of maternal uniparental isodisomy for chromosome 14 detected prenatally, in a pregnancy with mosaicism for trisomy 14 observed in both a chorionic villus sample (CVS) and in amniocytes. Detailed analysis of polymorphic… (More)
We have combined optical trapping and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) to determine the trapping energy and concentration of nanoparticles in suspension by analyzing the elongated dwell time and enhanced concentration in the optical trap.
A method is described for measuring the potential energy of nanoparticles in an optical trap by trapping an ensemble of particles with a focused laser beam. The force balance between repulsive osmotic and confining gradient-force pressures determines the single-particle trapping potential independent of interactions between the particles. The ensemble… (More)
The optical-bottle technique is used to measure osmotic bulk moduli of colloid suspensions. The bulk modulus is determined by optically trapping an ensemble of nanoparticles and invoking a steady-state force balance between confining optical-gradient forces and repulsive osmotic-pressure forces. Osmotic bulk moduli are reported for aqueous suspensions of… (More)