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BACKGROUND The prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout has increased in recent decades. The role of dietary fructose in the development of these conditions remains unclear. OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies investigating the association fructose consumption with incident gout and hyperuricemia. DESIGN(More)
While Brassica oleracea vegetables have been linked to cancer prevention, the exact mechanism remains unknown. Regulation of gene expression by cross-species microRNAs has been previously reported; however, its link to cancer suppression remains unexplored. In this study we address both issues. We confirm plant microRNAs in human blood in a large(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Vitamin D regulates gene transcription by binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR), potentially affecting cardiometabolic disease risk. However, studies of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and cardiometabolic disease are inconsistent. Inconsistencies may result from unaccounted for interactions between VDR genetic variants and 25(OH)D. We(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of the relationship between vitamin D and inflammation are equivocal. This may be due to unaccounted confounding. Hormonal contraceptive (HC) use is associated with elevated circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in Caucasians and African-Americans, but its effects on 25(OH)D in other ethnicities are unclear. HC use is associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Gluten-free foods have increased in popularity over the past decade and are now being consumed by individuals without celiac disease. However, the physiologic effects of gluten intake in individuals without celiac disease remain unknown. High-abundance plasma proteins involved in inflammation, endothelial function, and other physiologic pathways(More)
Vitamin D affects gene expression, but its downstream effects on the proteome are unclear. Hormonal contraceptives (HC), which affect vitamin D metabolism and have widespread effects on the plasma proteome, may confound the association between vitamin D and the proteome. We determined whether HC use modified the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D)(More)
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