Joseph J. Pollock

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The study of computerized correction of spelling errors has a relatively long history and remains of considerable current interest if regularly appearing papers on the topic are any gauge. Whereas early papers focused on the correction of output from optical character recognition (OCR), voice recognition, Morse code, or on spelling errors in program code,(More)
The SPEEDCOP (SPElling Error Detection Correction Project) project recently completed at Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) extracted over 50,000 misspellings from approximately 25,000,000 words of text from seven scientific and scholarly databases. The misspellings were automatically classified and the error types analyzed. The results, which were consistent(More)
Human parotid saliva histidine-rich polypeptides exerted antifungal activity against Candida albicans at concentrations similar to the known antifungal activity of the imidazole antibiotics. Inhibition of both growth and viability could be demonstrated by optical density monitoring and plating assays. Inhibition of growth was observed to be greatest when(More)
The antibacterial properties of lysozyme were investigated with oral microorganisms representing the seven serotypes (a through g) of Streptococcus mutans, Veillonella alcalescens, and the virulent (V) and avirulent (AV) strains of Actinomyces viscosus T14. Growth of bacteria in defined medium was monitored spectrophotometrically after the addition of(More)
Work performed under the SPElling Error Detection Correction Project (SPEEDCOP) supported by National Science Foundation (NSF) at Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) to devise effective automatic methods of detecting and correcting misspellings in scholarly and scientific text is described. The investigation was applied to 50,000 wordlmisspelling pairs(More)
Streptococcus mutans BHT was grown in Todd-Hewitt dialysate medium containing N-acetyl[(14)C]glucosamine for 6 to 11 generations. After treatment with cold and hot trichloroacetic acid and trypsin, 52 to 65% of the radioactivity remained present in insoluble peptidoglycan-containing residues. Hen egg white lysozyme or mutanolysin treatment of the(More)
Streptococcus mutans BHT was grown in a synthetic medium containing radioactive thymidine to monitor deoxyribonucleic acid release. Kinetic experiments demonstrated that although lysozyme alone could not liberate deoxyribonucleic acid, cellular deoxyribonucleic acid was liberated from lysozyme-treated cells by addition of low concentrations of inorganic(More)
Growth inhibition and cell viability assays demonstrate that the histidine-rich polypeptides isolated from human parotid saliva are bacteriostatic and bactericidal for strains of Streptococcus mutans belonging to the serotype b and c classifications. Both inhibition of growth and cell division are enhanced by preincubation of bacteria with these(More)