Joseph J Oleynek

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The role of adenosine A1 and A3 receptors in mediating cardioprotection has been studied predominantly in rabbits, yet the pharmacological characteristics of rabbit adenosine A1 and A3 receptor subtypes are unknown. Thus, the rabbit adenosine A3 receptor was cloned and expressed, and its pharmacology was compared with that of cloned adenosine A1 receptors.(More)
Lectin-like oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a type-II transmembrane protein that belongs to the C-type lectin family of molecules. LOX-1 acts as a cell surface endocytosis receptor and mediates the recognition and internalization of ox-LDL by vascular endothelial cells. Internalization of ox-LDL by LOX-1 results in a number of pro-atherogenic(More)
Selective adenosine A(3) agonists have potential utility for the prevention of perioperative myocardial ischemic injury. Herein, we report on the discovery and synthesis of compound 7. This amino nucleoside agonist possesses unprecedented levels of selectivity for the human adenosine A(3) receptor.
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to characterize the adenosine A3 receptor agonist, N6-(3-chlorobenzyl)-5'-N-methylcarboxamidoadenosine (CB-MECA), evaluate its ability to reduce myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and determine the role of KATP-channel activation in A3 receptor-mediated cardioprotection. METHODS Binding affinities and adenylate(More)
The mechanisms of pinacidil-induced direct vasodilation were studied in vitro in RMA and RAO. In RMA, pinacidil produced dose-dependent relaxations of norepinephrine (5 microM)-induced contractions with an IC50 of 0.2 microM. This component of pinacidil relaxation appeared to be dependent on K+ conductance because pretreatment with tetraethylammonium (10(More)
Although ischemic preconditioning (IP) in several species can be pharmacologically mimicked by selective adenosine A1 or A3 receptor agonists, it is currently unclear which receptor subtype (A1 and/or A3) is physiologically involved in mediating IP. To investigate this question, we determined (a) the affinity of adenosine for rabbit adenosine A1 and A3(More)
We recently reported the identification of a novel human adenosine A3 receptor-selective agonist, (2S,3S,4R,5R)-3-amino-5-[6-[5-chloro-2-(3-methylisoxazol-5-ylmethoxy)benzylamino]purin-9-yl]-4-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-2-carboxylic acid methylamide (CP-608,039), with 1,260-fold selectivity for the human A3 versus human A1 receptor (DeNinno et al., J Med Chem(More)
Using a combination of parallel and directed synthesis, the discovery of a highly potent and selective series of adenosine A3 agonists was achieved. High aqueous solubility, required for the intended parenteral route of administration, was achieved by the presence of one or two basic amine functional groups.
There has been considerable difficulty in defining distinct adrenomedullin (AM) binding sites and function in vivo. However, a rat adrenomedullin receptor (rAMR) and a putative human adrenomedullin receptor (hAMR) have recently been reported. We attempted to confirm and extend the pharmacological characterization of these cloned receptors. COS-7 cells(More)
A related group of compounds belonging to the antimycin class of antibiotics was found in culture broth produced by a Streptomyces species. The group includes known antimycins A1, A2, A3 and A4, and new antimycins A7 and A8. These compounds inhibit ATP-citrate lyase with Ki values of 4 to 60 microM against the substrate magnesium citrate. The structures of(More)