Joseph J. La Viola

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Intratumoral implantation of murine cells modified to produce retroviral vectors containing the herpes simplex virus-thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene induces regression of experimental brain tumors in rodents after ganciclovir (GCV) administration. We evaluated this approach in 15 patients with progressive growth of recurrent malignant brain tumors. Antitumor(More)
Phenylacetate is a naturally occurring plasma component that suppresses the growth of tumor cells and induces differentiation in vitro. To evaluate the in vivo potential and preventive and therapeutic antitumor efficacy of sodium phenylacetate against malignant brain tumors, Fischer 344 rats (n = 50) bearing cerebral 9L gliosarcomas received phenylacetate(More)
In meningeal carcinomatosis, retroviral vector-producer cells can be introduced into the thecal sac and circulate in the cerebrospinal fluid to reach malignant tumor cells in the leptomeninges, release vector particles, and selectively infect and transfer a gene of interest to these cells. Gene transfer experiments with the lacZ gene and in vitro retroviral(More)
Among the appealing features of adenoviruses as vectors for transfer of genes into the central nervous system (CNS) are that they are not neurotoxic, they can accommodate the insertion of several large genes, they are not associated with the hazards of insertional mutagenesis, and they can be concentrated to a high-titer preparation. The authors evaluated(More)
The use of intrathecal, retroviral-mediated transfer of the herpes simplex thymidine kinase (HStk) gene and subsequent ganciclovir (GCV) administration has recently been shown to improve survival in a rat model of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. Clinical application of this approach is attractive because access to the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space is(More)
Quantitative autoradiography was used to study [3H]naloxone binding in the striatum of normal monkeys and monkeys made hemiparkinsonian by the unilateral infusion of the neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). The density of [3H]naloxone binding sites was significantly higher in the caudate and putamen on the MPTP-treated side of(More)
This study evaluates the effectiveness of an AR-based contextaware assembly support system with AR visualization modes proposed in object assembly. Although many AR-based assembly support systems have been proposed, few keep track of the assembly status in real-time and automatically recognize error and completion states at each step. Naturally, the(More)
Cyclopentenyl cytosine (CPEC) exerts an antiproliferative effect against a wide variety of human and murine tumor lines, including a panel of human gliosarcoma and astrocytoma lines. This effect is produced primarily by the 5'-triphosphate metabolite CPEC-TP, an inhibitor of cytidine-5'-triphosphate (CTP) synthase (EC 6.3.4.2). Because previous studies with(More)
Results of previous studies have suggested differences in the regulatory mechanisms in striatal striosomes and matrix following interruption of dopaminergic input to the striatum by MPTP in the monkey. In the present study we have investigated the possibility that stimulation of dopamine receptors by apomorphine modifies glucose metabolism differentially in(More)
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