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Within the first 5 min after a sudden relief from glucose limitation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae exhibited fast changes of intracellular metabolite levels and a major transcriptional reprogramming. Integration of transcriptome and metabolome data revealed tight relationships between the changes at these two levels. Transcriptome as well as metabolite changes(More)
BACKGROUND Gene expression is regulated through a complex interplay of different transcription factors (TFs) which can enhance or inhibit gene transcription. ArcA is a global regulator that regulates genes involved in different metabolic pathways, while IclR as a local regulator, controls the transcription of the glyoxylate pathway genes of the aceBAK(More)
Accurate determination of intracellular metab-olite levels requires reliable, reproducible techniques for sampling and sample treatment. Quenching in 60% (v/v) methanol at-40°C is currently the standard method for sub-second arrest of metabolic activity in microbial meta-bolomics but there have been contradictory reports in the literature on whether leakage(More)
Correlations for the prediction of biomass yields are valuable, and many proposals based on a number of parameters (Y(ATP), Y(Ave), eta(o), Y(c), Gibbs energy efficiencies, and enthalpy efficiencies) have been published. This article critically examines the properties of the proposed parameters with respect to the general applicability to chemotrophic(More)
A hybrid differential-discrete mathematical model has been used to simulate biofilm structures (surface shape, roughness, porosity) as a result of microbial growth in different environmental conditions. In this study, quantitative two- and three-dimensional models were evaluated by introducing statistical measures to characterize the complete biofilm(More)
Microbial metabolomics has received much attention in recent years mainly because it supports and complements a wide range of microbial research areas from new drug discovery efforts to metabolic engineering. Broadly, the term metabolomics refers to the comprehensive (qualitative and quantitative) analysis of the complete set of all low molecular weight(More)
In this work, we present a time-scale analysis based model reduction and parameter identifiability analysis method for metabolic reaction networks. The method uses the information obtained from short term chemostat perturbation experiments. We approximate the time constant of each metabolite pool by their turn-over time and classify the pools accordingly(More)
Cells need to adapt to dynamic environments. Yeast that fail to cope with dynamic changes in the abundance of glucose can undergo growth arrest. We show that this failure is caused by imbalanced reactions in glycolysis, the essential pathway in energy metabolism in most organisms. The imbalance arises largely from the fundamental design of glycolysis,(More)
Several studies have shown that the utilization of mixed carbon feeds instead of methanol as sole carbon source is beneficial for protein production with the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. In particular, growth under mixed feed conditions appears to alleviate the metabolic burden related to stress responses triggered by protein overproduction and(More)
A sustained decrease in the intracellular ATP concentration has been observed when extra glucose was added to yeast cells growing aerobically under glucose limitation. Because glucose degradation is the main source of ATP-derived free energy, this is a counter-intuitive phenomenon, which cannot be attributed to transient ATP consumption in the initial steps(More)