Joseph J. Castillo

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OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of a high-fat diet supplemented with fish oil or olive oil, fed to C57BL/6J mice for an extended period, on metabolic features associated with type 2 diabetes. METHODS Mice were fed one of four diets for 30 wk: a low-fat diet, a high-fat diet supplemented with lard, a high-fat diet(More)
The Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1) gene is associated with human obesity. Mouse models with decreased Npc1 gene dosage are susceptible to weight gain when fed a high-fat diet, but not a low-fat diet, consistent with an Npc1 gene-diet interaction. The objectives of this study were to define regulation of the Npc1 gene and to investigate the Npc1 gene-diet(More)
The genes contributing to childhood obesity are categorized into three different types based on distinct genetic and phenotypic characteristics. These types of childhood obesity are represented by rare monogenic forms of syndromic or non-syndromic childhood obesity, and common polygenic childhood obesity. In some cases, genetic susceptibility to these forms(More)
The human Niemann-Pick C1 (NPC1) gene has been found to be associated with extreme (early-onset and morbid-adult) obesity and type 2 diabetes independent of body weight. We previously performed growth studies using BALB/cJ Npc1 normal (Npc1+/+) and Npc1 heterozygous (Npc1+/-) mice and determined that decreased Npc1 gene dosage interacts with a high-fat diet(More)
A genome-wide association study (GWAS) and subsequent replication studies in diverse ethnic groups indicate that common Niemann-Pick C1 gene (NPC1) polymorphisms are associated with morbid-adult obesity or diabetes independent of body weight. The objectives for this prospective cross-sectional study were to determine allele frequencies for NPC1(More)
A genome-wide association study (GWAS) reported that common variation in the human Niemann-Pick C1 gene (NPC1) is associated with morbid adult obesity. This study was confirmed using our BALB/cJ Npc1 mouse model, whereby heterozygous mice (Npc1+/-) with decreased gene dosage were susceptible to weight gain when fed a high-fat diet (HFD) compared to(More)
OBJECTIVE Genome-wide association studies have identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that increase the risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). One purpose of this study was to determine the frequencies of NAFLD susceptibility SNPs in a non-Hispanic white and Hispanic population who attended a clinic in northeast(More)