Joseph J. Brophy

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Formylated phloroglucinol compounds (FPCs) are the single most important factor determining the amount of foliage that marsupial folivores eat from individual Eucalyptus trees. Folivores need to recognize which trees contain FPCs if they are to avoid them and forage efficiently, they are challenged by great diversity in the types and quantities of FPCs(More)
The first seco-uleine alkaloids, manilamine (1) (18-hydroxy-19,20-dehydro-7,21-seco-uleine) and N4-methyl angustilobine B (2), were isolated from the (pH 5) alkaloid extract of Philippine Alstonia scholaris leaves together with the known indole alkaloids 19,20-(E)-vallesamine (3), angustilobine B N4-oxide (4), 20(S)-tubotaiwine (5), and(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (MyD) has been suggested to be a segmental progeroid syndrome in man, as this syndrome has some clinical manifestations of premature aging. Fibroblasts from patients with other progeroid syndromes have been shown to have diminished in vitro lifespans or growth characteristics; therefore, it was of interest to study cellular senescence in(More)
The novel pyrazines, (E)- and (Z)-5-methyl-3-(2-methylbutyl)-2-(3-methylbut-1-enyl)pyrazine, (E)- and (Z)-5-methyl-3-isopentyl-2-(3-methylbut-1-enyl) pyrazine, (E)- and (Z)-5-methyl-3-(2-methylbutyl)-2-(3-methylpent-1-enyl)pyrazine, (E)- and (Z)-5-methyl-3-isopentyl-2-(3-methylpentl-enyl) pyrazine, together with the known pyrazines,(More)
The essential oil from the different parts (inflorescences, stems + leaves and roots) of Eryngium glaciale Boiss. gathered in Sierra Nevada (Spain) has been extracted by steam distillation and analysed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Quantitative but not qualitative differences have been found between the analysed(More)
The essential oil from the different parts (inflorescences, stems+leaves and roots) of E. corniculatum Lam. gathered in Guadalajara (Spain) has been extracted by steam distillation and analysed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Quantitative and qualitative differences have been found between the analysed parts,(More)
The essential oil extracted from the different parts of Eryngium bourgatii Gouan: stems + leaves (E.b.SL), inflorescences (E.b.I) and roots (E.b.R), have been extracted by steam distillation and analysed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Quantitative but not qualitative differences have been found(More)
Lophostemon suaveolens is a relatively unexplored endemic medicinal plant of Australia. Extracts of fresh leaves of L. suaveolens obtained from sequential extraction with n-hexane and dichloromethane exhibited antibacterial activity in the disc diffusion and MTT microdilution assays against Streptococcus pyogenes and methicillin sensitive and resistant(More)
The major component (35-65%) of the volatile oil obtained by steam distillation of the leaves of Melaleuca triumphalis has been identified as (rel)-1beta-pentyl-1alpha,6alpha-dihydroxy-3,3,5,5-tetramethylcyclohexa-2,4-dione (trivial name triumphalone). Relative stereochemistry was established by nuclear Overhauser experiments and X-ray studies on the(More)
The essential oils from the different parts [inflorescences (E.a.I), stems + leaves (E.a.SL) and roots (E.a.R)] of E. aquifolium Cav. gathered in Cádiz (Spain), have been extracted by steam distillation and analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Quantitative and qualitative differences have been found between the(More)