Joseph J Bahl

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Physicians will treat larger numbers of elderly patients as the US population ages. Being treated simultaneously for more than 1 condition with multiple prescription drugs is only 1 reason why elderly patients are at greater risk of experiencing adverse drug reactions. The need for physicians to minimize the incidence of these reactions has become incumbent(More)
Cardiomyocytes in culture can survive low or mild doses of oxidants but later increase cell volume and protein content. To understand the mechanism, we determined the early signaling events of oxidative stress. With 200 microM H2O2, the activity of p70 S6 kinase-1 (p70S6K1) increased at 30 min and reached a plateau at 90 min. Dose-response studies at the 60(More)
Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cell death are often observed in the end stages of heart failure. The triggers of these two cellular processes are not known under most pathological conditions. Oxidants are by-products of aerobic metabolism. The level of oxidants increases as a result of ischemic reperfusion. Using H9C2 and primary cultured neonatal rat(More)
Expression of alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors (alpha(2)-AR) is very high in fetal rat heart although numbers decline with increasing gestational age. The current experiments were designed to identify the subtypes of alpha(2)-AR expressed and the function of these receptors in fetal cardiac myocytes. Expression of alpha(2)A and alpha(2)C, but not alpha(2)B,(More)
3,5,3'-Triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) regulation of beta-MHC expression was studied in rat fetal heart cells using deletion mutants of both the rat and human promoter regions fused to a CAT expression vector. T3 inhibited the expression of human and rat beta-MHC constructs with an IC50 of about 1nM, which was similar to the EC50 for beta MHC-mRNA observed in(More)
Intrinsic cardiac adrenergic (ICA) cells in developing rat heart constitute a novel adrenergic signaling system involved in cardiac regulation. Regulatory mechanisms of ICA cells remain to be defined. Immunohistochemical study of fetal rat hearts demonstrated ICA cells with catecholamine biosynthetic enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and phenylethanolamine(More)
Thyroid hormone exerts a strong positive inotropic action on the heart and induces alpha-myosin heavy chain (MHC) gene expression. 3,5-Diiodothyropropionic acid (DITPA), a carboxylic acid analog with low metabolic activity, was observed to induce alpha-MHC mRNA in heart cell culture with EC50 approximately 5 x 10(-7) M. To determine if the compound has(More)
BACKGROUND In the myocardium, myocyte cell division is irreversibly blocked shortly after birth. The signal that initiates cell cycle withdrawal is unknown. The purpose of this study was to relate changes in expression of beta1 integrin and its associated alpha subunits to cardiomyocyte cell cycle progression during the fetal-to-neonatal developmental(More)
We report the cloning of a BrdU-sensitive transcript of 4.1 kb from an immortalized quail heart cell line containing an open reading frame of 940 amino acids (110 kDa, pI approximately 5.18). The mRNA encoding P110 appears in the heart and neural tube by 36 h of avian development, at a time when these organs are rapidly developing. Analysis of the(More)