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A comparison of relevant statistics from National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland and University Hospital, Newark, New Jersey, USA, for the years 1983-1989, revealed that after removal of major confounding factors, such as a fourfold difference in < 2500 gram births and an about tenfold discrepancy in the frequency of lethal congenital defects, the… (More)
On the basis of 333 documented cases of permanent perinatal neurological damage, associated with arrest of the shoulders at birth, the authors conducted a retrospective study in order to evaluate the predisposing role, if any, of the utilization of extraction instruments. The investigation revealed that 35% of all injuries occurred in neonates delivered by… (More)
OBJECTIVE To examine birth weight related risks of fetal injury in connection with shoulder dystocia. STUDY DESIGN The investigation was based on a retrospective analysis of 316 fetal neurological injuries associated with deliveries complicated by arrest of the shoulders that occurred across the United States. RESULTS The study revealed that the… (More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an inflammatory cytokine that has been shown to be elevated in the amniotic fluid of patients with preterm labor. On the other hand, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine that has been shown to inhibit the synthesis of other cytokines. We hypothesized that amniotic fluid IL-10 in the early second trimester… (More)
Chorioamnionitis substantially increases fetal and neonatal morbidity. Infants born to women with chorioamnionitis have a fourfold increase in neonatal morbidity. If this condition could be predicted before the clinical manifestation and thereby treated earlier, an improved perinatal outcome might reasonably be expected. Based on the in vitro model of… (More)
BACKGROUND Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of first-trimester maternal death, accounting for 9% of pregnancy-related deaths. Interstitial (cornual) pregnancies represent 6% of all ectopics but account for a disproportionately higher mortality rate. Surgical management has been the treatment of choice for interstitial pregnancies. A very limited… (More)
Cesarean section is the delivery method of choice in all shoulder presentations of viable fetuses. The classic cesarean section is usually recommended when there is a transverse lie because of the potential technical difficulties associated with extraction of the fetus when a low-segment incision is used. This paper illustrates a technique that avoids the… (More)
Prenatal diagnosis of Jarcho-Levin syndrome early in pregnancy has not been previously reported. We present a case in which ultrasound examination resulted in a tentative diagnosis at 22 weeks of pregnancy. The difficulties in arriving at a definite diagnosis are presented.
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to study the short-term effect of maternal cocaine abuse on blood flow of the fetal kidney and the fetal hourly urine output. STUDY DESIGN Thirty-three pregnant patients of various gestational ages with a history of cocaine abuse were studied. Patients were included if the urine specimen was positive for cocaine on the day of… (More)
A rare case of fetal renal mesoblastic nephroma diagnosed prenatally by ultrasonography is presented.