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The linear O(N) sigma model undergoes a symmetry restoring phase transition at finite temperature. We show that the nonlinear O(N) sigma model also undergoes a symmetry restoring phase transition; the critical temperatures are the same when the linear model is treated in mean field approximation and the nonlinear model is treated to leading plus subleading… (More)

We show how to incorporate chiral symmetry breaking in the soft-wall version of the AdS/QCD model by using a modified dilaton profile and a quartic term in the bulk scalar potential. This allows one to separate the dependence on spontaneous and explicit chiral symmetry breaking. Moreover our 5D model automatically incorporates linear trajectories and non… (More)

- László Pál Csernai, Joseph I. Kapusta, Larry D McLerran
- Physical review letters
- 2006

Substantial collective flow is observed in collisions between large nuclei at BNL RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) as evidenced by single-particle transverse momentum distributions and by azimuthal correlations among the produced particles. The data are well reproduced by perfect fluid dynamics. A calculation of the dimensionless ratio of shear… (More)

- Joseph I. Kapusta, Axel P. Vischer, Niels Henrik David Bohr
- 1996

We study the dynamical formation of disoriented chiral condensates in very high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions using Bjorken hydrodynamics and relativistic nucleation theory. It is the dynamics of the first order confinement phase transition which controls the evolution of the system. Every bubble or fluctuation of the new, hadronic, phase obtains its… (More)

- R. G. Daghigh, Joseph I. Kapusta
- 2008

The relativistic viscous fluid equations describing the outflow of high temperature matter created via Hawking radiation from microscopic black holes are solved numerically for a realistic equation of state. We focus on black holes with initial temperatures greater than 100 GeV and lifetimes less than 6 days. The spectra of direct photons and photons from… (More)

Substantial collective flow is observed in collisions between large nuclei at high energy, and the data are well-reproduced by perfect fluid dynamics. In a separate development, calculation of the dimensionless ratio of shear viscosity η to entropy density within AdS/CFT yields η/s = 1/4π, which has been conjectured to be a lower bound for any physical… (More)

We derive the effective coarse-grained field equation for the scalar condensate of the linear sigma model in a simple and straightforward manner using linear response theory. The dissipative coefficient is calculated at tree level on the basis of the physical processes of sigma-meson decay and of thermal sigma-mesons and pions knocking sigma-mesons out of… (More)

- László Pál Csernai, Joseph I. Kapusta, E. Osnes
- 2002

The statics and dynamics of a surface separating two phases of a relativistic quantum field theory at or near the critical temperature typically make use of a free energy as a functional of an order parameter. This free energy functional also affords an economical description of states away from equilibrium. The similarities and differences between using a… (More)

- Tirthabir Biswas, J . A . R . Cembranos, Joseph I. Kapusta
- Physical review letters
- 2010

We develop the finite temperature theory of p-adic string models. We find that the thermal properties of these nonlocal field theories can be interpreted either as contributions of standard thermal modes with energies proportional to the temperature, or inverse thermal modes with energies proportional to the inverse of the temperature, leading to a thermal… (More)

Microscopic black holes explode with their temperature varying inversely as their mass. Such explosions would lead to the highest temperatures in the present universe, all the way to the Planck energy. The possibility that a quasi-stationary shell of hot matter surrounds these black holes has recently been proposed and studied with relativistic Boltzmann… (More)