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BACKGROUND Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are required for normal intestinal motility. ICC are found throughout the human colon and are decreased in the sigmoid colon of patients with slow transit constipation. AIMS The aims of this study were to determine the normal distribution of ICC within the human colon and to determine if ICC are decreased(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) generate the electrical slow wave required for normal gastrointestinal motility. The ionic conductances expressed in human intestinal ICC are unknown. The aim of this study was to determine expression of a Na+ current in human intestinal ICC and to determine the effects of the Na+ current on the slow wave. Visually(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) may be an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the intestinal muscle. The present study examined its role in human and canine jejunum. METHODS Mechanical and intracellular electrical activity were recorded simultaneously from the circular muscle layer. RESULTS In the human jejunum, nerve stimulation inhibited mechanical activity(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hydrogen sulphide (H(2) S) is gaining acceptance as a gaseous signal molecule. However, mechanisms regarding signal termination are not understood. We used stigmatellin and antimycin A, inhibitors of sulphide quinone reductase (SQR), to test the hypothesis that the catabolism of H(2) S involves SQR. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH H(2) S(More)
Tetrodotoxin-resistant Na+currents are expressed in a variety of muscle cells including human jejunal circular smooth muscle (HJCSM) cells. The aim of this study was to determine the molecular identity of the pore-forming alpha-subunit of the HJCSM Na+ channel. Degenerate primers identified a cDNA fragment of 1.5 kb with 99% nucleotide homology with human(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Sodium channels are key regulators of neuronal and muscle excitability. However, sodium channels have not been definitively identified in gastrointestinal smooth muscle. The aim of the present study was to determine if a Na(+) current is present in human jejunal circular smooth muscle cells. METHODS Currents were recorded from freshly(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The cause of slow-transit constipation is incompletely understood. Recent observations suggest a central role for interstitial cells of Cajal in the control of intestinal motility. The aim of this study was to determine the volume of interstitial cells of Cajal in the normal sigmoid colon and in the sigmoid colon from patients with slow(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Gastrointestinal complications of long-standing diabetes include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation. The pathophysiology underlying these symptoms is poorly understood. Recent evidence suggests an important role for interstitial cells of Cajal in controlling gastrointestinal motility. The aim of this study was to(More)