Joseph H Song

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Radiocontrast nephropathy (RCN) is a common clinical problem for which there is no effective therapy. Utilizing a murine model, we tested the hypothesis that alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor agonists (clonidine and dexmedetomidine) protect against RCN induced with iohexol (a nonionic low-osmolar radiocontrast). C57BL/6 mice were pretreated with saline,(More)
Objectives: Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an enzyme that degrades heme into biliverdin, free iron, and carbon monoxide (CO). This enzyme is known to have cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated whether roflumilast, a newly developed specific phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor, mediates some of its anti-inflammatory(More)
We previously showed that activation of the A1 adenosine receptor protected the kidney against ischemia-reperfusion injury by induction and phosphorylation of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27). Here, we used mice that overexpress human HSP27 (huHSP27) to determine if kidneys from these mice were protected against injury. Proximal tubule cells cultured from the(More)
Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury is a major clinical problem during the perioperative period and occurs frequently after major hepatic resection or liver transplantation. Exogenous and endogenous A(1) adenosine receptor (A(1)AR) activation protects against renal IR injury. In this study, we questioned whether exogenous and endogenous A(1)AR(More)
We previously showed that the inhalational anesthetic isoflurane protects against renal proximal tubule necrosis via isoflurane-mediated stimulation and translocation of sphingosine kinase-1 (SK1) with subsequent synthesis of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in renal proximal tubule cells (Kim M, Kim M, Kim N, D'Agati VD, Emala CW Sr, Lee HT. Am J Physiol(More)
Several volatile anesthetics, including sevoflurane, protect against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in vivo by reducing necrosis and inflammation. Furthermore, in cultured renal tubule cells, sevoflurane directly induced the phosphorylation of the cytoprotective kinases (ERK and Akt), upregulated 70-kDa heat shock protein (HSP70), and attenuated nuclear(More)
The beta-adrenoceptor blockers exhibit a well-characterized anti-apoptotic property in the heart and kidney while less is known about the effect of this class of drugs on neuronal apoptosis. We studied the effects of three beta-adrenoceptor blockers propranolol (1-(isoproplyamino)-3-(naphthalene-1-yloxy)propan-2-ol), atenolol(More)
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