Joseph H Roycroft

Learn More
A centrifugal analyzer and a spectrophotometer were compared for routine analysis of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes glutathione (GSH) peroxidase, GSH-S transferase, and GSH reductase. Lung, liver, and kidney from 60-day-old male rats were used as the source of enzymes. Linear regression analysis was used to assess the accuracy and precision of the(More)
Dibromoacetic acid (DBA) is a water disinfection byproduct formed by the reaction of chlorine oxidizing compounds with natural organic matter in water containing bromide. Male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F(1) mice were exposed to DBA in drinking water for 2 weeks (N=5), 3 months (N=10), or 2 years (N=50). Concentrations of DBA in drinking water were 0,(More)
On May 8-10, 1995, a workshop on chronic inhalation toxicity and carcinogenicity testing of respirable fibrous particles was held in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The workshop was sponsored by the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in collaboration with the National Institute of Environmental Health(More)
Metabolism studies are crucial for data interpretation from rodent toxicity and carcinogenicity studies. Metabolism studies are usually conducted in 6 to 8 week old rodents. Long-term studies often continue beyond 100 weeks of age. The potential for age-related changes in transcript levels of genes encoding for enzymes associated with metabolism was(More)
1,3-Butadiene, a large-production volume chemical used mainly in the manufacture of synthetic rubber, was found to induce multiple-organ carcinogenicity in male and female B6C3F1 mice at exposure concentrations (625 and 1250 ppm) equivalent to and below the OSHA standard of 1000 ppm. Since this study was terminated after 60 weeks of exposure because of(More)
Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is a slightly soluble compound found in airborne particle emissions from metallurgical works and oil and coal burning. Because the carcinogenic potential of V2O5 was not known, F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice (N=50/sex/species) were exposed to V2O5 at concentrations of 0, 0.5 (rats only), 1, 2, or 4 (mice only) mg/m3, by whole-body(More)
Isoprene, the 2-methyl analogue of 1,3-butadiene, is a high production chemical used largely in the manufacture of synthetic rubber and is the major endogenous hydrocarbon exhaled in human breath. Thirteen-week inhalation toxicology studies of isoprene were conducted in male and female F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice at exposure concentrations of 0, 70, 220, 700,(More)
Female F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 1, or 2 mg/m3 (rats) and 0, 1, 2, or 4 mg/m3 (mice) for 6 h/day, 5 days/week (for up to 18 months), by whole-body inhalation. Lung weights and lung burdens of vanadium were determined for exposed animals after 1, 5, and 12 days and after 1, 2, 6, 12, and(More)
Propylene glycol mono-t-butyl ether (PGMBE) is a widely used solvent in industry and in consumer products, posing a potential for human exposure via inhalation or dermal routes. Toxicokinetic studies were conducted on F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice of both sexes to evaluate single or repeated dose, species, and/or sex differences in PGMBE elimination kinetics(More)
2-Butoxyethanol (2BE) is used extensively in the production of cleaning agents and solvents. It is primarily metabolized in the liver to 2-butoxyacetic acid (2BAA), which is believed to be responsible for 2BE toxicities associated with hemolysis of red blood cells. The objective of the study was to characterize the systemic disposition of 2BE and 2BAA in(More)