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A dairy herd submodel was created for integration with other farm submodels to form DAFOSYM, a dairy farm simulation model. The herd submodel determines the best mix of available feeds to meet the fiber, energy, and protein requirements for each of six animal groups. The groups are early-, mid-, late-, and nonlactating cows, heifers over 1 yr old, and(More)
Sixty-three of 209 (30.1%) samples of cattle feed that were collected from multiple commercial sources and from farms were found to contain Escherichia coli. However, none of the feed samples examined were culture-positive for E. coli O157. Replication of fecal E. coli, including E. coli O157, was demonstrated in a variety of feeds at temperatures that were(More)
Accurate estimates of manure excretion are needed for planning manure storage facilities and for nutrient management. Data sets from metabolism studies conducted at several universities were compiled and evaluated for excretion of total manure, N, P, and K. Animal groups included calves weighing up to 204 kg, heifers weighing between 274 and 613 kg,(More)
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of hybrid, maturity, and mechanical processing of whole plant corn on chemical and physical characteristics, particle size, pack density, and dry matter recovery. In the first experiment, hybrid 3845 whole plant corn was harvested at hard dough, one-third milkline, and two-thirds milkline with a(More)
The effect of additional dietary potassium in early lactation dairy cows was evaluated with the addition of potassium carbonate sesquihydrate, which increased dietary K from 1.3 to 2.1% of dry matter (DM) from wk 3 to 12 of lactation. Cows fed potassium carbonate sesquihydrate in the form of DCAD Plus (Church & Dwight Co. Inc., Princeton, NJ) had increased(More)
Previous attempts to culture mouse alveolar type II (ATII) cells have been hampered by limited purity and cell recovery. We have now obtained culturable ATII cells from female C57BL/6 mice at a purity of 92% +/- 3 (mean +/- SD; n = 20), with viabilities of 96% +/- 2 and total yields of 5.1 +/- 0.7 X 10(6) cells per mouse. Crude lung cell suspensions were(More)
Incidence of clinical mastitis and duration of clinical symptoms for complete lactations were evaluated for 80 cows randomly assigned to one of four groups: vitamin E supplemented- and selenium injected, selenium injected, vitamin E supplemented, and controls. Vitamin E supplementation and selenium injection were during the dry period. Log-linear analysis(More)
Urine excretion is a substantial factor in the amount of manure that needs to be managed, and urinary N can contribute to ammonia volatilization. Development and validation of prediction equations focusing on dietary factors to decrease urine and urinary nutrient excretion will provide information for managing urine and feces separately or for other future(More)
Holstein cows were assigned to diets containing no supplemental fat, supplemental fat from whole cottonseed, or supplemental fat from whole cottonseed plus Ca salts of fatty acids (Megalac). The TMR contained 46% forage and 54% concentrate or mixtures of concentrate and whole cottonseed on a DM basis and were fed from wk 3 through 44 of lactation. The mean(More)
The adaptations of fat synthesis in adipose tissue to lactational state, rate of milk production, and dietary fat intake were determined for dairy cows. Lipogenesis and esterification were determined in cows of average or high genetic merit for milk production and fed either a control TMR of corn silage, alfalfa, and concentrate (2.5% fat; 1.47 Mcal of(More)