Joseph Gresti

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OBJECTIVE The beneficial effects of the inactivation of endocannabinoid system (ECS) by administration of antagonists of the cannabinoid receptor (CB) 1 on several pathological features associated with obesity is well demonstrated, but the relative contribution of central versus peripheral mechanisms is unclear. We examined the impact of CB1 antagonism on(More)
Involvement of sterols in membrane structural properties has been extensively studied in model systems but rarely assessed in natural membranes and never investigated for the plant plasma membrane (PM). Here, we address the question of the role of phytosterols in the organization of the plant PM. The sterol composition of tobacco BY-2 cell PM was determined(More)
Decreased body fat mass and liver steatosis have been reported in mice fed diets containing the conjugated linoleic acid trans-10,cis-12-C18:2 (CLA2), but not in those fed diets containing cis-9,trans-11-C18:2 (CLA1). Because the decrease in fatty acid (FA) oxidation may cause fat accumulation, we questioned whether the effects of both CLAs on enzyme(More)
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have recently been recognized to reduce body fat and plasma lipids in some animals. This study demonstrated that the steatosis accompanying the fat loss induced by trans-10,cis-12-C(18:2) (CLA2) and not cis-9,trans-11-C(18:2) (CLA1) isomer in C57BL/6j mice was not due to an alteration of the liver lipoprotein production that(More)
This study was designed to examine whether the depletion of L-carnitine may induce compensatory mechanisms allowing higher fatty acid oxidative activities in liver, particularly with regard to mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase I activity and peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation. Wistar rats received D-carnitine for 2 days and(More)
Feeding mice the trans-10, cis-12 (t10c12) conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomer is associated with lipodystrophy, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and liver steatosis. It has been hypothesized that CLA-induced liver steatosis is the result of increased hepatic lipogenesis stimulated by high insulin levels. We studied the effects of a 12-d t10c12CLA(More)
Fish easily accumulate n−3 PUFA of exogenous origin, but the underlying mechanisms are not well established in the whole animal. This study was undertaken to investigate whether this feature was physiologically associated with mitochondrial and peroxisomal capacities that differentially affect FA oxidation. For this purpose, peroxisomal FA oxidation was(More)
Rats with carnitine deficiency due to trimethylhydrazinium propionate (mildronate) administered at 80 mg/100 g body weight per day for 10 days developed liver steatosis only upon fasting. This study aimed to determine whether the transient steatosis resulted from triglyceride accumulation due to the amount of fatty acids preserved through impaired fatty(More)
Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on a thermostatted octadecylsilyl column was used to separate mixtures of labelled polyunsaturated fatty acids (as their methyl esters) formed by successive desaturations and elongations of labelled linoleic (18:2 n - 6) or linolenic (18:3 n - 3) acid by rat liver microsomes. Acetonitrile-water mixtures(More)
Triacylglycerols from bovine milk fat were fractionated by reversed-phase liquid chromatography. The fatty acid and triacylglycerol compositions of each fraction were determined by capillary gas chromatography. These data were used to determine the accurate proportions of 223 individual molecular species of even-numbered triacylglycerols, accounting for 80%(More)