Joseph G. Reves

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Ischemic mitral regurgitation is a serious and increasingly common clinical disorder, but at present, little is known of the associated prognostic implications, especially in specific therapeutic subgroups. Over a 6.5-year period beginning January 1, 1981, postinfarction mitral regurgitation was demonstrated ventriculographically in 2,343 (19%) of 11,748(More)
The present longitudinal study was designed to determine the prevalence of depression in male and female patients undergoing cardiac surgery, and to examine what factors are associated with depression before and after surgery. One day prior to surgery (T1), and one day prior to discharge from the hospital (T2), 141 patients completed a psychometric test(More)
The neurological complications of cardiac surgery are associated with significantly increased mortality, morbidity and resource utilization. The use of new surgical techniques, introduction of wider indications for surgery and increased public expectation has led to an increase in the average age of cardiac surgical patients and an increased incidence of(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that acute hypovolemia would compromise the compensatory hemodynamic mechanisms to midazolam and decrease its metabolic clearance. Experiments were performed on seven chronically instrumented female beagle dogs. Animals received a single intravenous dose of midazolam, 10 mg/kg, 4 days apart during normovolemic(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize cerebral venous effluent during normothermic nonpulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass. Thirty-one (23%) of 133 patients met desaturation criteria (defined as jugular bulb venous oxygen saturation less than or equal to 50% or jugular bulb venous oxygen tension less than or equal to 25 mm Hg) during normothermic(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass management in neonates, infants, and children often requires the use of deep hypothermia at 18 degrees C with occasional periods of circulatory arrest and represents marked physiologic extremes of temperature and perfusion. The safety of these techniques is largely dependent on the reduction of metabolism, particularly cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in memory and cognition frequently follow cardiac operations. We hypothesized that patients with the apolipoprotein E-epsilon 4 allele are genetically predisposed to cognitive dysfunction after cardiac operations. METHODS The apolipoprotein E-epsilon 4 allele was evaluated as a predictor variable for postoperative cognitive dysfunction(More)
We wished to test the hypothesis that neuromuscular blockade facilitates mask ventilation. In order reliably and reproducibly to assess the efficiency of mask ventilation, we developed a novel grading scale (Warters scale), based on attempts to generate a standardised tidal volume. Following induction of general anaesthesia, a blinded anaesthesia provider(More)
Severe mitral regurgitation caused by acute myocardial infarction has been a particularly difficult management problem with disappointing clinical results. Over a 75-month period, ending March 31, 1987, 611 patients underwent mitral valve operations at Duke University Medical Center. Within this group, 55 patients had clearly defined ischemic mitral(More)
In this study we examined the relationship of regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) to mean arterial pressure, systemic blood flow, partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2), nasopharyngeal temperature, and hemoglobin during hypothermic nonpulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Regional CBF was determined by clearance of xenon 133 in 67 patients(More)