Joseph G. Ouslander

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A substantial proportion of hospitalizations of nursing home (NH) residents may be avoidable. Medicare payment reforms, such as bundled payments for episodes of care and value-based purchasing, will change incentives that favor hospitalization but could result in care quality problems if NHs lack the resources and training to identify and manage acute(More)
Antimuscarinic agents are the predominant pharmacological treatment for patients with overactive bladder (OAB). These drugs are thought to act primarily through antagonism at muscarinic M3 receptors located at neuromuscular junctions in the human bladder detrusor muscle. Several of these drugs have been shown to be efficacious in ameliorating the symptoms(More)
OBJECTIVES Hospitalizations expose nursing home (NH) residents to disruptions in care, iatrogenic events and related morbidity, and result in excess health care costs. Research has shown that a substantial proportion of these hospitalizations may be avoidable and that reducing such hospitalizations could save Medicare dollars that could be re-invested in(More)
Many cognitively impaired nursing home (NH) residents are excluded from interviews measuring quality of life or care based on the belief that these residents cannot accurately answer questions. These exclusions are based on subjective criteria and ignore individual differences among cognitively impaired NH residents. This study describes a screening rule(More)
A substantial reduction in hospitalization rates has been associated with the implementation of the Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers (INTERACT) quality improvement intervention using the accompanying paper-based clinical practice tools (INTERACT II). There is significant potential to further increase the impact of INTERACT by integrating(More)
1165 and chronic pain from degenera-tive joint disease. She develops a nonproductive cough and a fever of 100.4°F. The night nurse calls an on-call physician who is unfamiliar with Ms. B. Told that she has a cough and fever, the physician says to send her to the emergency room, where she's found to have normal vital signs except for the low-grade fever, a(More)
Seventy residents of the residential care section of a long-term care facility were asked to make health decisions after being presented four clinical vignettes. Two vignettes involved high-risk procedures (aortic valve replacement and carotid endarterectomy) and two were low risk (flu vaccination and psychotropic medication). Comparisons were made between(More)
To assess the validity of brief multidimensional measures of health, we studied 155 new residents of a long-term care institution. We collected self-reported measures of various aspects of health, as well as performance-based measures of physical and cognitive function. For six similar health dimensions measured using two self-reported methods, the average(More)