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To understand the biology and evolution of ruminants, the cattle genome was sequenced to about sevenfold coverage. The cattle genome contains a minimum of 22,000 genes, with a core set of 14,345 orthologs shared among seven mammalian species of which 1217 are absent or undetected in noneutherian (marsupial or monotreme) genomes. Cattle-specific evolutionary(More)
We report here genome sequences and comparative analyses of three closely related parasitoid wasps: Nasonia vitripennis, N. giraulti, and N. longicornis. Parasitoids are important regulators of arthropod populations, including major agricultural pests and disease vectors, and Nasonia is an emerging genetic model, particularly for evolutionary and(More)
We report the sequence and analysis of the 814-megabase genome of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, a model for developmental and systems biology. The sequencing strategy combined whole-genome shotgun and bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) sequences. This use of BAC clones, aided by a pooling strategy, overcame difficulties associated with(More)
Tribolium castaneum is a member of the most species-rich eukaryotic order, a powerful model organism for the study of generalized insect development, and an important pest of stored agricultural products. We describe its genome sequence here. This omnivorous beetle has evolved the ability to interact with a diverse chemical environment, as shown by large(More)
Human chromosome 12 contains more than 1,400 coding genes and 487 loci that have been directly implicated in human disease. The q arm of chromosome 12 contains one of the largest blocks of linkage disequilibrium found in the human genome. Here we present the finished sequence of human chromosome 12, which has been finished to high quality and spans(More)
Why is this important? Visual field testing is a common procedure in almost every eye practice. Whether you are the person performing the visual field or working up a patient who just had a visual field, it is helpful to have background knowledge of this common test. This article is the first of a four-part series designed to review the basic types of(More)
A 70-year-old man right eye over 5 weeks. He was found clinically to have a bitemporal hemianopia and bilateral disc edema. Testing revealed optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) bilaterally causing enlarged blind spots (pseudo-bitemporal hemianopia). This case illustrates that ONHD should be listed in the differential diagnosis for bitemporal hemianopia when(More)
A 27-year-old pregnant woman reported progressive loss of vision. Brain MRI disclosed an intracranial mass compressing the optic nerves and chiasm with imaging features suggestive of meningioma. Because delivery was imminent, surgical removal was deferred. Within a few days after delivery, the patient noted improvement in vision. Subsequent(More)