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The ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila is a model organism for molecular and cellular biology. Like other ciliates, this species has separate germline and soma functions that are embodied by distinct nuclei within a single cell. The germline-like micronucleus (MIC) has its genome held in reserve for sexual reproduction. The soma-like macronucleus (MAC), which(More)
Mutations in Drosophila alpha spectrin cause larval lethality and defects in cell shape and adhesion (J. Lee et al., 1993, J. Cell Biol. 123, 1797-1809). Here we examined the effects of two lethal alpha spectrin alleles (alpha-specrg41 and alpha-specrg35) on development and function of the larval midgut. Homozygous null alpha-specrg41-mutant larvae(More)
Much of the cell surface on the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila is covered by a polarized lattice of cytoskeletal structures that are associated with basal bodies of the ciliary rows. Unique structural landmarks, including an oral apparatus and contractile vacuole pores, develop before cell division in localized domains located, respectively, posterior and(More)
Twelve monoclonal antibodies were raised that are specific for the membrane skeleton of Tetrahymena. Five were directed against T. pyriformis and seven were directed against T. thermophila. Some cross-reactivity between species was found. Each monoclonal antibody recognized one of the three major components of epiplasm, i.e. the bands A, B, and C identified(More)
For well over 100 years, cell biologists have been wondering what determines the size of cells. In modern times, we know all of the molecules that control the cell cycle and cell division, but we still do not understand how cell size is determined. To check whether modern cell biology has made any inroads on this age-old question, BMC Biology asked several(More)
Ciliates exhibit an asymmetry in arrangement of surface structures around the cell which could be termed handedness. If the usual order of placement of structures defines a 'right-handed' (RH) cell, then a cell with this order reversed would be 'left-handed' (LH). Such LH forms appear to be produced in Tetrahymena thermophila through aberrant reorganization(More)
Ciliated protozoa have intrinsically asymmetrical ciliary structures that are asymmetrically arranged over the cell surface. These structures can be arranged in two enantiomorphic configurations, 'right-handed' (RH) and 'left-handed' (LH). Whereas one of these configurations (arbitrarily, RH) is apparently universal in Nature and predominant in the(More)